James Arthur Baldwin was an American novelist, writer, playwright, poet, essayist and civil rights activist.
Most of Baldwin's work deals with racial and sexual issues in the mid-20th century in the United States. His novels are notable for the personal way in which they explore questions of identity as well as the way in which they mine complex social and psychological pressures related to being black and homosexual well before the social, cultural or political equality of these groups was improved.
Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 - July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801-1809), and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776). Jefferson was one of the most influential Founding Fathers, known for his promotion of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Jefferson envisioned America as the force behind a great "Empire of Liberty" that would promote republicanism and counter the imperialism of the British Empire.
Major events during his presidency include the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806), as well as escalating tensions with both Britain and France that led to war with Britain in 1812, after he left office.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 NOV 1874 - 24 JAN 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership during WW2, but he was also an artist, historian and writer. He served as Prime Minister from 1940-45, and from 1951-55. He had a speech impediment, which he overcame, for the most part, in adulthood. As a child, he did poorly in school, for which he was punished. Time magazine included him as one of the 100 most influential leaders in history. (from the wiki, accessed 03-16-10)