8- Babies born sick, requires additional care and possible hospital referral.
9- Mothers who give birth in health facilities cannot return for postnatal care because of #1- financial, #2 social and other barriers.
Recommendation of home visits by skilled health workers during a baby's first week of life, days one and three, and if possible a third visit. Infant care should include breastfeeding, infant warmth (skin-to-skin contact between mother and infant), hygienic umbilical cord and skin care. Access of infant signs of serious health problems, family advise, promote medical care. Families of infants should look for danger signs of feeding problems, reduced activity, difficult breathing, fever, fits or convulsions, feels cold. Birth registration and timely vaccinations to national schedules, along with extra attention to hygiene especially hand washing.
The World Health Organization, United Nations, UNICEF agree a core principle underlying maternal, newborn and child health efforts is lifelong access to health care; through pregnancy and childbirth, during childhood and adolescence, a continuum of care for the mother from long before pregnancy.
We are now progressing into the political problems in the country. The World Health Organization, United Nations, UNICEF agree, "the continuum begins with adequate newborn care for the infant. Appropriate health-care can be delivered in the home and community, as well as health clinics and hospitals." The C.D.C., Center for Disease Control, states the U.S. ranks 29th in comparison to the world in infant mortality, tied with Slovakia and Poland but behind Cuba. You, as an informed U.S. voter, can you live with over 28,000 U.S. babies die before their first birthday. The U.S. ranked 12th place in infant mortality in 1960, but 13.63% among non-Hispanic Black Americans and 5.76% among non-Hispanic white Americans. (Source CDC and WebMD Health News: http://www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/news/20081015/infant-mortality-us-ranks-29th ).
The future of the U.S. is totally dependent upon our younger generation. Secondary is the way we act, conduct of U.S. society, accessible insurance, economy, education, job placement, etc.
"The philosophy of the school room in one generation will be the philosophy of government in the next." President Abraham Lincoln 1863.
"You cannot escape the responsibility of tomorrow by evading it today." President Abraham Lincoln 1864.
The true investigative route is to "follow the money". (See: U.S. National Center for Health Statistice, Marian F. MacDorman. March of Dimes, Dr. Alan Fleischman). The number one (1) public health care problem in America is infant mortality (See: U.S. News Health, http://health.usnews.com/health-news/family-health/womens-health/articles/2009/11/03/cdc-finds-us-30th-in-infant-mortality ).
Poverty has a high influence upon infant mortality due to "child abuse and neglect" and "infectious diseases". A mother needs the attention of medical evaluation prior to pregnancy, during pregnancy, infant post-natal care. Meaning a "war on women" is anti-American. Providing affordable healthcare to all is a definitive positive impact upon U.S. society. In 2008, the fall of the "Too Big To Fail" private banks placed women, mothers, families into a position to decide to spend money to eat or to pay health insurance. "Follow The Money" reveals corporate lack of empathy to infant deaths.
Where does a woman go if she does not have health insurance? Planned Parenthood, who will examine the mother, ensure her health during pregnancy, infant post-birth, and follow the infant through childhood and adolescence without financial payments from a mother/family who could otherwise not afford these health insurance issues. Dr. Alan Fleischman, March of Dimes, states: "Reasons for this, he said, include a lack of universal access to health care for women of childbearing age or pregnant women of any age. That's a tremendous difference with our European Friends."
Unions have had a huge impact upon benefits of U.S. workers in the entire country than they are given credit. Unions have negotiated contracts that include health insurance for employees of corporations/like entities in-which the Union represents. U.S. corporations/like entities had to include health benefits to employees of non-Union represented workplace in an effort to keep Unions out of employee representation. Such Union representation included employer offered insurance with employer partial payment of monthly premiums. (See: AFL-CIO, http://www.aflcio.org/Issues ).
Sometimes, do we "cut-off our nose to spite our face"? Yes, President Franklin D. Roosevelt pushed for universal health-care to Congress in 1933, as part of the New Deal. There became an unusual joining of lobbying Congress with an agreement between the AFL-CIO Unions and Coalition of American Companies, C.A.C., telling Congress NO! The reasons behind the AFL-CIO was negotiating for health benefits is a major point that encourages nationwide Union membership. The CAC argued the ruin of employing companies if they were forced to offer health insurance. (See: Congressional Record via Thomas Library of Congress, http://thomas.loc.gov/home/thomas2.html referring to President Thomas Jefferson).
Poverty in the U.S. in 2011 was 15.7% with 46.2 million in poverty (includes people of all ages) better than the 16.3% in 2010. (See, U.S. Census Bureau, http://www.census.gov/prod/2012pubs/p60-243.pdf). The total of people in the U.S. without health insurance in 2011 is 308,827, families (not the number of people in the families, the number of families) 252,316, children under 18 is 72,568, under the age of 6 is 23,860 (See U.S. Census Bureau). U.S. people working who have no access to health insurance is 193,213 between the age of 18 to 64. U.S. people with a disability is 14,968 who have no access to health insurance, but required due to the disability, as per U.S. Census. Is it any surprise those at the poverty level cannot afford health insurance?
What is the cost of health insurance? $512 a month for one healthy male, via CareFirst/Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Washington. The monthly premium for a woman, especially child bearing age, is much higher. (See: The American Dream. http://endoftheamericandream.com/archives/health-insurance-companies-say-that-they-plan-to-raise-premiums-significantly-because-of-the-new-health-care-reform-law ).