Fr. Jacques Pohier: A French Dominican priest, he was the first theologian to be disciplined by Pope John Paul II. In 1979 Pohier, the dean of the theology faculty at the Dominican theological school near Paris, lost his license to teach theology, was banned from saying Mass or participating in any liturgical gatherings. The Vatican objected to his views on Christ's resurrection. He left the Dominicans in 1984.
Fr. Hans KÃ¼ng: A Vatican investigation into the writings of this Swiss-born theologian began in 1975. He lost his license to teach Catholic theology in 1979 after the Vatican found fault with his views on papal infallibility.
Fr. Charles Curran: Once a professor of moral theology at the Catholic University of America, Curran lost his license to teach theology in 1986 because the Vatican did not approve of his views on sexuality and medical ethics.
Fr. Anthony Kosnik: A priest of the Detroit archdiocese, he was forced to leave his teaching position at Sts. Cyril and Methodius Seminary because he co-authored a Catholic Theological Society study called Human Sexuality.
Fr. Gustavo GutiÃ©rrez: Often called the "father of liberation theology," GutiÃ©rrez has had to face numerous investigations by the Vatican. In 1983, the Peruvian bishops received a notification from the Vatican containing 10 complaints about Gutierrez's writings. Liberation Theoloigy has been banned as a vbalid theology by the Church.
In 2001 GutiÃ©rrez joined the French province of the Dominicans in a move that was seen as an attempt to distance himself from the conservative Cardinal Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, the conservative archbishop of Lima.
The Vatican criticized certain strains of liberation theology for focusing on institutionalized or systemic sin, apparently to the exclusion of individual offenders/offenses; and for allegedly misidentifying Catholic Church hierarchy in South America as members of the same privileged class that had long been oppressing indigenous populations since the arrival of the Spanish Conquistadors onward. I studied for a year under Fr.Gutierrez
Mary Agnes Mansour: A Sister of Mercy, she was forced to choose between her job as the director of Michigan's Department of Social Services and her religious vows. In 1983 after 30 years of religious life, Mansour left her congregation.
Elizabeth Morancy and Arlene Violet: Both were Sisters of Mercy in Rhode Island. Morancy, a Rhode Island legislator, and Violet, Rhode Island's attorney general, were forced by the Vatican to choose between keeping their jobs and remaining in religious life. They chose to keep their jobs and left religious life in 1983.
M.Div.a religious brother of the Society of Our Lady of the Most Holy Trinity was forced
out of religious life by his superiors because of his views on
Liberation Theology ,his refusal to change his views and for questioning the
validity of the Doctrine on infallibility of Rome in 1999 in its interpretation of Liberation Theology.
Barbara Ferraro and Patricia Hussey: Sisters of Notre Dame de Namour, they left their religious order 1988. They and 91 other nuns and priests signed an ad in a 1984 issue of The New York Times that proclaimed a "diversity of opinion regarding abortion" existed among Catholics. Ferraro and Hussey alone refused a Vatican order to retract their support for the ad. Although their religious congregation supported them throughout their investigation, the two left religious life, protesting the process used by the Vatican against them.
Bishop Jacques Gaillot: He was removed from his position as bishop of Evreux, France, in 1995. The Vatican, and several of his brother bishops, saw his identification with the poor and advocacy of homosexuals and contraception as too unorthodox for a bishop.
German theologian Uta Ranke-Heinemann, who studied with Joseph Ratzinger at the University of Munich, and became the first woman to hold the chair of Catholic theology. She was excommunicated from the Catholic Church for voicing doubts of the virgin birth. When informed of the decision concerning the excommunication, she turned to her old classmate Ratzinger for help and guidance, but none was forthcoming.