Bacteria From Human Feces is Behind Deadly Disease in Coral | 80beats | Discover Magazine

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Over the past decade, diseases, pollution, and warming waters have put coral populations across the globe in a dramatic decline. In an extreme case, the population of elkhorn coral, considered one of the most important reef-building corals in the Caribbean, has decreased by 90--95 percent since 1980, partly due to a disease called white pox.

Now, scientists have traced this lethal disease back to humans. Human feces, which seep into the Florida Keys and the Caribbean from leaky septic tanks, transmit a white pox-causing bacterium to elkhorn coral, researchers report in the journal PLoS ONE. "It is the first time ever that a human disease has been shown to kill an invertebrate," ecologist James Porter told Livescience.

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