The soldier in a now-famous Wikileaks video who found a rocket launcher at the scene of a controversial 2007 Apache helicopter attack in Baghdad, said in a radio interview
this week that he did not believe an ambush was imminent. The video
shows 12 men, including two Reuters newsmen, standing on a street
corner before being fired upon with the Apache's 30mm cannon, resulting
in what appears to be an unprovoked massacre.
The video caused an international outcry after it was leaked to the media by the government watchdog Wikileaks. The presence of the rocket launcher was seized upon by defenders of the attack as proof that the attack was justified, and that this was evidence of an impending ambush.
soldier, Ethan McCord, can be seen in the video as he runs with a
wounded child in his arms to a Bradley armored vehicle, seeking to get
the child to help. McCord said...
"One thing I do need to make clear is that when I came onto the scene I did see an RPG and an AK-47, however, my experience in Iraq is when the locals see someone with a camera, maybe a photographer, someone with a news agency, is they always come out with their weapons, kind of like showing off...look what I have, make me famous, put me in the magazine type of thing...my personal belief is that I do not believe these guys had anything to do with the attacks we were facing earlier, from a few blocks away, these guys were walking around nonchalantly, they weren't gathering in any kind of formation to do anything to us..."
McCord's remarks solve the riddle in the minds of many as to why would-be attackers would be standing so casually out in the open and with so little concern for the small but visible pair of Apaches so dreaded by insurgents, and undermines the Pentagon's conclusion that it was justified.
At one point McCord criticized media war analysts, whom he called "these supposed war analysts [who] were going over this video, who knew nothing of what happened that day..."
In the wide-ranging interview with Cindy Sheehan on her weekly radio program Cindy Sheehan's Soapbox, McCord also again attested to witnessing a high-level war crime, that of random execution of civilians in retaliation for an attack on U.S. forces, a crime which was successfully prosecuted after World War II. McCord's allegation was broadcast widely across the Internet two months after he first made it in an interview in April.
In that interview, McCord recounted that, in the middle of a particularly turbulent time when his battalion was being hit frequently by IEDs, his battalion commander issued an order which was to be a new "SOP" or Standard Operating Procedure. McCord attests that the commander, a Lieutenant Colonel, gave the order to engage in "360 rotational fire" upon being hit by an IED. McCord recalls the commander saying "If someone in your line gets hit with an IED, 360 rotational fire. You kill every motherf*cker on the street."
Understanding this to mean civilians as well, including women and children, McCord has said previously that "many soldiers wouldn't do that" and agreed among themselves that they would shoot into rooftops rather than kill civilians. McCord goes on to say, however, that he witnessed the order being carried out many times, and civilians shot indiscriminately following an IED attack. Two other soldiers in McCord's unit have stepped forward since that interview to corroborate his claims.
McCord said in the April interview: "I've seen it many times, where people are just walking down the street and an IED goes off and the troops open fire and kill them."
In 1944, German SS Obersturmbannfuhrer Herbert Kappler ordered the execution of civilians in retaliation for a hidden bomb ambush of German soldiers. Kappler rounded up prisoners of war and civilians in the ratio of 10 executions for every German soldier killed in a March 1944 attack by Italian partisans. Kappler stood trial for war crimes and was sentenced to life in prison. High level orders for the killing of civilians have also been documented as war crimes in the cases of Nanking 1937, Hankow 1938, and German Invasion of Poland 1939.
Wikileaks video shows men with cameras being mistaken by the Apache
helicopter crew for men with weapons, although a man at one point does
appear to be carrying a rifle. Rifles such as AK-47s are legal and
common in Baghdad, and are frequently carried by private bodyguards for
protection against bandits in the generally lawless climate of the
The American crew whose radio chatter is captured in the video has been heavily criticized for the casual and sometimes callous tone of its banter, in which crewmembers are heard making remarks such as, "nice shootin'," "you talk, I'll shoot," and at times laughing.
Upon discovering that two children have been wounded in an attack on a van in which the alleged insurgents were attempting to evacuate a wounded man, a crewmember is heard to say "That's what they get for bringing kids into battle." The crewmembers and their ground controllers regularly use the word "engage" to mean "open fire." Although the word "engage" means "to enter into contest or battle with," the alleged combatants possess no weapons remotely capable of harming the helicopters, given the distance.
McCord and his unit mate Josh Stieber have gained prominence as the authors of "Open Letter of Reconciliation and Responsibility to the Iraqi People," a statement which is gathering co-signers of soldiers and non-soldiers alike at www.LetterToIraq.com. A portion of the letter reads:
"We did unto you what we would not want done to us. More and more Americans are taking responsibility for what was done in our name. Though we have acted with cold hearts far too many times, we have not forgotten our actions towards you. Our heavy hearts still hold hope that we can restore inside our country the acknowledgment of your humanity, that we were taught to deny..."
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