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Why does the Universal Declaration of Human Rights not belong to the Kurdish People?

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By Hamma Mirwaisi and Alison Buckley
From http://www.flickr.com/photos/59442036@N08/5618798767/: Halabja
Halabja
(image by wgauthier)
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In his second public hearing as head of the Commission of Inquiry (COI) on Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) (1), Australian  Judge the Honorable Michael Kirby explained that the Commission was based on the United Nations (UN) charter's establishment and adoption of the principles of universal human rights. The origin of Principles One and Two of the charter is in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The Honorable Michael Kirby claimed that Universal Human Rights belong to everyone on planet earth.

After World War I the Western powers used the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne to divide the Middle East into many small countries. In the same year Reza Khan overthrew the Qajar dynasty in Iran declaring himself Shah of Iran (2), instead of Ahmad Shah Qajar, while General Kemal began the process of secularizi ng and democratizing Turkey after the fall of the Ottoman Empire. Under his new title, General Kemal Ataturk met Reza Khan in 1934 to discuss Adolf Hitler's ideology of one nation under one flag and one language as an excuse for massacring Kurdish and other people in Iran and Turkey. Together they claimed to be developing the T urco-Persian or Persianate civilization.

Supported by Persian leaders determined to eliminate particular sectors of the Iranian population, Reza Shah attempted to impose modernization on Iran, resulting in the widespread abuses throughout the country. Kurdish people (the ancient Median people) from the Lur, Lak, Elami, Gorani, Kurmanji, Zaza, Sorrani and other language regions became his victims (3) and his son Mohammad Reza Shah continued the policy. Meanwhile in Turkey, after Mustafa Kemal Ataturk ordered Kurdish tribesmen to help eliminate the Armenians, he turned on the Kurds and murderously attacked them.  

France's exit of Syria after World War II saw Arab authorities divide the Kurdish land into three regions, settling their people strategically between each one.  Since then they have taken citizenship rights from half a million Kurds who no longer have documents to get out of Syria, and have subsequently been enslaved to Arabs.

US influence in the Middle East after World War II oversaw the division of the Kurdish people's land into four countries: Iraq and Syria, ruled by Arabs and created by the United Kingdom and France; Iran, governed by  Persians; and Turkey under the rule of Turks. It seems that the super powers' adoption of the indifferent, callous and domineering attitudes of the Kurds' last Western conqueror Imperial Rome still contributes to the suffering of these people, who have been denied their human rights for the last hundred years.

Since Western powers such as the UK, France and the US, and Eastern powers such as Russia and China asserted or gained control of the UN, neither bloc has shown any concern about the Kurdish people's human rights.

The United Nations COI into the DPRK was established by a resolution of the UN Human Rights Commission on 14 March 2013.  Its mandate was to investigate human rights violations in the DPRK, including the right to food, violations associated with prison camps, torture and inhumane treatment, arbitrary detention, violations of the right to life, freedom of movement, and enforced disappearances, discrimination and violations of freedom of expression. It operated for a period of one year. In addition to the Hon. Michael Kirby as Chair, the other members of the COI were Marzuki Darusman, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the DPRK and former Indonesian Attorney-General, and Serbian human rights campaigner Sonja Biserko.

During Saddam Hussein's era alone the Iraqi Government used chemical weapons against Kurdish civilians and buried 182,000 Kurds, mostly women, children and elderly men alive in the al-Anfal Campaign (4), but the UN has not ordered an inquiry into the Human Rights of Kurdish people in Iraq.

Saddam Hussein was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 to 9 April 2003, when he was deposed during the 2003 invasion by a US led allied coalition. After his capture in ad-Dawr, near his hometown Tikrit he was incarcerated at Camp Cropper. The US forces handed him to the Iraqi Government to be judged by an Iraqi court of law. On Sunday 5 November 2006, he was sentenced to death by hanging.

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The former Iraqi dictator was convicted of charges related to the 1982 killing of 148 Iraqi Shi'a Muslims. His execution took place on Saturday 30 December 2006 (5). He was sentenced to death by hanging, after being found guilty and convicted of crimes against humanity by the Iraqi Special Tribunal for the murder of 148 Iraqi Shi'ites in the town of Dujail in 1982, in retaliation for an assassination attempt against him.

In short, 148 Arab Shi'a Muslims were deemed more important than 182,000 Kurds. This and other treatment of the Kurdish people implies that they are not to be afforded human rights in an unjust world apparently administered in favour of the interests and to the advantage of the super powers and their allies.

The situation of Kurds in Turkey has been and still is similar. The Republic of Turkey has made various human rights commitments, expressed in the 1982 Turkish Constitution, Part Two of which guarantees "fundamental rights and freedoms,' such as the right to life, security of person and right to property. In addition, Turkey has signed a number of treaties indicating it will comply with international human rights conventions. But since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey by General Mustafa Kemal, later known as Atatürk, the Turks have killed or caused the deaths of millions of Kurds (6), have burned thousands of their villages and forcefully moved them to Turkish areas where they have been ill-treated. Kurds are less than second-class citizens in Turkey. Following the pattern established last century, Turkey's Government now persecutes 25 million Kurds and murders them at will, but the Western powers and Eastern powers have not asked the UN to investigate Turkey's human rights record.

Today, the Iranian Government consistently abuses the 20 million Kurdish and Lurish people living in its territory and kills Kurds daily [7] but neither the Western powers nor the Eastern powers have asked the UN to investigate the Islamic Republic of Iran's (IRI) treatment of these ethnic groups in its communities.

Syria's long history of arbitrary arrest (8) and unfair trials includes its long-term imprisonment of more than 700 political prisoners since June 2000 under vague and broadly worded laws inviting government abuse, and the subjection of its 10% Kurdish population to ongoing mistreatment.  Two million Kurds in Syria are under threat of their lives but the Western powers and Eastern powers have not asked the UN to investigate the Syrian Government's treatment of the Kurdish population within its borders.

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The Kurdish people have done nothing to warrant the super powers' and indeed the world's tacit acceptance of the denial of their human rights. The ongoing cover up and ignorance of the predation and devastation of these people by cruel and barbaric regimes has left ordinary people all around the world uninformed and therefore unsympathetic to the plight of 50 million stateless Kurds.

The accounts in the Hebrew Bible and the Islamic Quran of the ancient Medes' failed attempt on the Hebrew prophet Daniel's life hardly justify the suffering meted out on the descendants of the Medes for the last 2600 years. And the large numbers of atheists in mostly communist Russia and China and millions in the Christian and Islamic worlds who profess no religion are mostly not affected or motivated by it. It is also counterproductively fatalistic to describe the Kurds as the most unfortunate people on Earth. Whatever the reasons or excuses for neglect of the plight of the Kurdish people, the evil intent behind the genocide and abuse campaigns against them still excludes them from the human rights that the Hon. Justice Kirby described as belonging to everyone on earth. The international community, under the banner of the UN is therefore obligated to establish a Human Rights COI to widely investigate the ongoing atrocities in Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran against the Kurdish people.   The Committee chaired by the Honorable Michael Kirby reported that the North Korean regime has committed similar human rights abuses to Hitler's government. Iran's and Turkey's continuation of Reza Shah's and Kemal Ataturk's policies of ethnic cleansing and racial elimination of the Kurdish people modeled on Hitler's ideology must also be brought before the notice of the UN Human Rights Commission. Justice Kirby announced on the release of the Commission's report on the DPRK to the effect that, "the world did not know about the Hitler's atrocities in World War II, but now it can know about human rights abuses in North Korea.' The world is entitled to know what has been happening and continues to happen to the Kurds in Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran; it should be as informed on this matter as it is on North Korea, especially considering that twice as many people live in Kurdistan as in the DPRK. We call on the Honorable Australian  judge Michael Kirby to bring the Kurdish people's suffering to the notice of the representatives of the UN Human Rights Commission and representatives of the governments of the US, UK, France, China and Russia in his next meeting with them.   References 1.     http://webtv.un.org/search/commission-of-inquiry-on-human-rights-in-the-dprk-seoul-public-hearing-day-1-pm-20-august/2668611257001?term=공회 , http://www.michaelkirby.com.au/ 2.      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vE0MPbdE9Pc 3.     http://www.opednews.com/articles/2/From-Darius-the-Great-to-A-by-Hamma-Mirwaisi-Arab_Devil_Iran_Iraq-131002-408.html 4.     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Anfal_Campaign 5.     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Execution_of_Saddam_Hussein 6.      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_Turkey 7.     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_the_Imperial_State_of_Iranhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_the_Islamic_Republic_of_Iran 8.     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_rights_in_Syria



 

Hamma Mirwaisi abandoned a successful career in public relations to pursue a more fulfilling life as a novelist and speaker. Since then he has written one book alone and three book with co-author Alison Buckley four best-selling Return of the (more...)
 

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Since Western powers such as the UK, France and th... by Hamma Mirwaisi on Saturday, Mar 1, 2014 at 1:51:27 PM