Napoleon by commons
Hindsight is 20/20, you can look back throughout history and choose any three events and the future becomes explained. The American Revolution 1776, the French Revolution 1789, the terror 1793 - Napoleon 1799.
The American Revolution financed in part by France, helped to deplete the French treasury in what Churchill called, "the first world war." The depleted treasury exacerbated the domestic miseries of the French people, while the idea of republicanism fired their imaginations. A bloody overthrow of the ruling monarchy left in its place a government without a mechanism of govern. Mark Twain said, "To a man with a hammer everything looks like a nail." To revolutionaries who gain power by blood, everyone looks like a suspect.
The Committee of Public Safety was established in 1793. That's a nice name, isn't it? Everyone want's public safety and a committee, well, that's sounds fair and sort of democratic, doesn't it? One month later, after a bread riot in Paris, the committee passed the, Law of Suspects. The law called for the arrest of anyone whose conduct suggested that they might be supporters of tyranny or federalism. A law so loosely written and open to interpretation that in a country where paranoia reigns, all were guilty.
A careless word might lead to a denunciation to the committee. An argument with your landlord, a neighbor, or a bartender and that's it for you. It reached the point of absurdity, if you referred to your neighbor or friend as anything other than "citizen" that could be construed as evidence that you didn't support the revolution. New armies were created, to search the land far and wide for traitors until finally, the country was spent. The people were exhausted from the blood letting and terror, they wanted someone to unify them and return to them, the glory of France.
The Great War 1914 -1918, the Treaty of Versailles 1919, the stock market crash of 1929.
The Great War began after Archduke Franz Ferdinand the heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire was assassinated in Serbia. The Austrians demanded that Serbia allow their police to investigate on Serbian soil and the Serbian's refused as it violated their territorial sovereignty. Europe had used, even before the Napoleonic era, a series of military alliances to maintain the peace between large and small nations.
It all went horribly wrong, turning a regional conflict into a global conflict. Austria-Hungary was large territorially, but poor financially. Her military was large but disorganized, but they declared war against Serbia and a chain reaction occurred. The Central powers, Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire (Ooh, Muslims) were obligated by treaty to back Austria-Hungary.
Serbia declared war on Austria-Hungary July 28, 1914. Russia allied with Serbia declared war August 1, 1914. England and France allied to Russia declared war August 4th. Four years of carnage and in the end France and Britain had been bled white but were victorious. Germany was also bled white, her people were starving and the government had been pulling lead pipe up from the streets to make bullets. More than half of all the Central Powers casualties had been German. Germany was the most militarily advanced and most successful of the Central Powers but when the war ended, Germany had lost.
The Treaty of Versailles then held Germany responsible for the war. Imagine if Germany had won the war and held Britain or the United States solely responsible. Germany was forced to accept sole responsibility for causing the war. She was forced to make territorial concessions and pay war reparations equal to $400 billion dollars in current values. Germany's economy was all ready flat on it's back and it's government in debt up to it's eyeballs.
When Germany was unable to make reparation payments and the French occupied the Ruhr. Enter American banks, Charles G. Dawes led an international committee which suggested, a series of financial reforms to be implemented in Germany, including the backing of the mark with gold reserves as a means to stabilize the currency;
With the acceptance of the Dawes Plan in 1924, loans became available to Germany from American banks. The currency was stabilized, unemployment fell, but it wasn't a recovery, it was a bubble. The plan was due to be replaced with the Young plan negotiated by a team led by J.P. Morgan Jr. The stock market crash of 1929 led to the withdrawal of funds and a canceling of credits, leaving Germany ten years after the war, no better off than the day after the shooting stopped.
The German people felt betrayed, forced to pay reparations, forced to give up territory, forced into poverty by foreign hands. They began to ask, did we lose on the battlefield or at the peace conference? The myth of traitors was born and just as during the French Revolution it caught fire. Germany had been done in by traitors, traitors who caused this prolonged misery of the German people. Who will return Germany to her greatness and her rightful place in Europe?
The Reichstag fire 1933, The Enabling Acts 1933, The Munich agreement 1938,
One month after Adolf Hitler was sworn in as chancellor of Germany, and two weeks after Joseph Geobbles had written in his diary that, "the Fuhrer promises to burn the Communists out of Germany", the German Reichstag building mysteriously caught fire. Of all the Nazi bigwigs to arrive on the scene, Herman Goering was last to arrive. What makes that unusual is that Goering lived directly across the street in the house of the Reichstag's President. The same house with an access tunnel under the street and a private entrance into the Reichstag building.
Witnesses reported that Goering was out of breath and red faced when he arrived. He declared on the spot that the Communist were responsible and should all be shot on sight. Hitler was out of town, he always had a knack for being out of town or some place very public when such un-pleasantries occurred. When the Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss was murdered Hitler was at the opera. A witness in his box said, when Hitler received the news of his opponents murder he was giddy with excitement and then quickly calmed down and took on a dour expression.