Share on Google Plus Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on PInterest Share on Fark! Share on Reddit Share on StumbleUpon Tell A Friend 1 (1 Shares)  
Printer Friendly Page Save As Favorite View Favorites View Stats   2 comments

Exclusive to OpEdNews:
OpEdNews Op Eds

The Morning after Mother's Day

      (Page 1 of 2 pages)
Related Topic(s): ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; (more...) , Add Tags  (less...) Add to My Group(s)

Interesting 1   Valuable 1  
View Ratings | Rate It

opednews.com Headlined to H4 5/9/10

- Advertisement -

Mother's Day with its messages of love, respect and gratitude -- has passed. And we revert to the social, economic, and political realities of women who are mothers, realities airbrushed away for a day.

Here are some salient facts of mothers in the U.S. today:

Single Mothers

Twenty percent of all families are headed by working single mothers. Families of single mothers have an extremely high poverty rate, near 30% percent, and are worse off financially than single mothers were in 1970. Women who leave welfare and take jobs have average earnings of $8000-10,800 not nearly enough to lift a single mother and children out of poverty. In late 2009, 1 of every 8 women who were single mothers and sole breadwinners in their families was unemployed, a rate twice as high as married men. Women who flee violent husbands or partners usually end in poverty for a period of time, and, moreso, if they flee with their children. http://www.iwpr.org/index.cfm

Gender Wage and Benefit Gap

More than two-thirds of married mothers are employed; and, given the extended recession, their earnings are more important than ever to their families' well-being. Yet the gender wage gap persists at 77 cents for every dollar on average, resulting in a lifetime average loss for working women of $434,000 in income. Lesser income over a lifetime results in a diminished social security, retirement and pension increasing the lifetime gender wage gap to as much as $1 million for some women. The gender wage gap exists in all occupations, in comparable jobs with men, at all educational levels; and it is higher for African American and Hispanic women. Further, women workers are less likely than men to have fringe benefits, such as paid sick days even though they are more likely to have to lose work because of children's illness. http://www.americanprogressaction.org/issues/2008/pdf/equal_pay.pdf

- Advertisement -

Pregnancy and New Motherhood

What about mothers-to-be? The first of its kind national study by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control found that homicide is a leading cause of traumatic death among new and expectant mothers. The CDC admits that the data is not reliably tracked and thus their findings understate the magnitude of the crime. Some state studies have found much higher rates that the CDC, concluding that intentional murder is the leading cause of traumatic death among new and expecting mothers. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/cgi/content/full/95/3/471

Pregnancy and the Workplace

Women at every socioeconomic level and in entry to executive positions have had to pay "the pregnancy penalty": job offer withdrawn, demotion, docked pay and benefits, sexual harassment, forcibly reduced hours, and job loss, according to wage discrimination expert Dr. Evelyn Murphy. Illustrative statistics from 1997-2004 gathered in her book, Getting Even (2005), reveal that employers in all work sectors, including rental agencies, hotel and big box chains, telephone companies, media, state police, and higher education have been charged with pregnancy-related discrimination and have settled. Verizon, for example, settled a class action suit with 12,500 women who were denied benefits related to pregnancy and maternity. Pregnancy discrimination is one of the fastest growing kinds of employment discrimination being filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

Motherhood Penalty

- Advertisement -

In The Price of Motherhood (2001), economic reporter Ann Crittenden observed that women's labor in the family, including housework, meal preparation, childcare and eldercare, has been "sentimentalized as a labour of love" and uncompensated. "The caring economy" (as family work is called) is uncounted in the paid economy and, consequently, under-supported by social welfare benefits and policy. In the United States, parenting receives so little government support, such as paid parental leave and subsidized child-care, that women mainly bear the cost of child care through their own unpaid labor. No wages for work in the "caring economy" of the home means no pension or retirement benefits and lower Social Security in older age. Thus women are systematically impoverished for being mothers and the primary caregivers of elderly parents.

A 2003 Government Accounting Office (GAO) study of the impact of parenthood on working mothers' and fathers' salaries found that women are penalized and men, rewarded. Working mothers suffer a loss of earnings (average of 2.5% for each child), while working fathers enjoy an increase in earnings (average of 2.1% for each child). http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-04-35. What might explain these differences: for starters, gendered stereotypes of employers, namely that working mothers have reduced productivity and working fathers work more efficiently.

Next Page  1  |  2

 

H. Patricia Hynes, a retired Professor of Environmental Health from Boston University School of Public Health, is on the board of the Traprock Center for Peace and Justice

Share on Google Plus Submit to Twitter Add this Page to Facebook! Share on LinkedIn Pin It! Add this Page to Fark! Submit to Reddit Submit to Stumble Upon


Go To Commenting

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.

Writers Guidelines

Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
- Advertisement -
Google Content Matches:

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

The National Interest vs. Child Soldiers

Eisenhower and the Road Not Taken: A Cautionary Tale for Obama

Mercenaries in the Marketplace of Violence

The Morning after Mother's Day

A Primer on the Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Mother's Day for Peace: A Blessing