Toward an Integrative Vision for a Better Human Future
A highly related piece was A Sick and Broken Spirit
My new project --- presently called "Swinging for the Fences" -- is about equipping us to gain better control of our destiny, as a nation, as a civilization, as a species. It begins with understanding what we're up against.
History was described by James Joyce as "a nightmare from which we are trying to awaken." To us rather privileged Americans --- privileged in our material wealth, in our liberty, and in our comparative immunity from the worst of violence and oppression --- that sounds like an excessively dark assessment. But history certainly has its nightmares.
The usual answer --- or assumption, as usually the question isn't even articulated --- is that "human nature" is so deeply flawed: our kind just naturally creates nightmares. This answer seems obvious to people who see the whole as only the sum of its parts: they see people acting on the basis of the choices they make, and they assume that if the consequences are bad it must be because it is in the nature of people to make bad choices.
I am absolutely convinced that this common-sense view of things misses very important dimensions of the reality.
Our reality consists not only of us individual human beings, but also of the systems that we civilized human beings have created. (Some of these systems we know about and of some them we are unaware.) And our destiny is shaped not only by the intentions of human beings making choices but also by the systemic forces that operate on a vast scale and go far to determine both the options available to people and the outcome of the choices they make.
Years ago I came across a fable (I'm trying now to hunt down the source) that depicts iron filings in the process of making what they think to be their own decision about where to go. Meanwhile, as they are discussing the issue, a magnet is invisibly approaching. The closer the magnet gets, the more excitedly the filings become convinced that they must travel in the specific direction in which the magnet, unbeknownst to them, is to be found.
To the filings in the fable, the choice of direction was theirs. To the observer with the larger perspective, explaining the direction they went is impossible without reference to the magnet.
So also with us humans in history.
One need not know a whole lot about history to know that frequently the way things unfold is not what most of the people in the situation would have chosen.
How many of the citizens of mid-nineteenth-century America would have chosen the American Civil War as the means to deal with the long-standing issue of slavery?
How many Europeans at the time of the Armistice in 1918 would have chosen to be in the situation that beset Europe in 1940?