After the election, many people have been questioning the integrity and accountability of the results; in fact, one citizen shouted in anger during a protest in Seoul, "We feel as if we are losing our nation. There are so many reasons to suspect election fraud."
Koreans are perplexed by the big difference between the exit polls and the final results because several exit polls showed that Moon would win. Many people also doubt the unrealistically smooth S-shape graph for the voting rate, where the ratio of the votes earned between Park (51.6%) and Moon (48%) didn't change after 60% of ballot-counting.
The law of South Korea prescribes that all ballots should be counted by hand, but there have been testimonies that hand counting was not performed in many ballot count facilities. The ballots were only sorted by machine, which may assign ballots to the wrong place, .i.e. to another candidate by error. As of Jan 12th, 2013, about 230,000 citizens have signed a petition demanding a recount by hand, and some Koreans are even petitioning the White House.
Koreans living overseas are also raising their voice to demand a recount by hand, and thousands of Koreans are filing a lawsuit to nullify the result of the presidential election. They also continue to hold candle light protests to express their rights as voters.