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Nuclear Deal and the Salient Features

By       Message Muhammad Irfan     Permalink
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View Ratings | Rate It Headlined to H3 11/29/13

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On Sunday, November 24, 2013, a deal was concluded between P5+1 (China, France, Russia, UK, USA & Germany) and Iran, which abides Iran to cease uranium enrichment in return of economic incentives. The ongoing month has revealed much hot initiatives, engineered in the Middle East, which have vibrated the entire world due to its strategic importance. The Iranian nuclear standoff sparked much warmth in the international political arena since its re-opening in 2005. Actually, the misbalancing factors in the region that disturb the international champions are the Iranian nuclear weaponization together with the ideologically oriented government. Iran, which is thoroughly reigned by the religious clergy since 1979, being rhetoric in its reaction, tended in near past to acquire the nuclear power as deterrent.

Nonetheless, this intention was less appreciable in the germane capitals of the western powers that see the Iranian nuclear build-up with westward expansion as directly threatening their energy-seeking interests. Hence, certain tools were opted to defuse the energies, rendered by Tehran to increase the foreign influence and also to pressurize it for halting the suspected nuclear program. Among those mechanistic tools, the economic sanctions proved much relevant through which Iran got convinced for the recent deal. The diplomatic isolation also added the fuel to fire to lead Iranian economic towards downcast further. There, it is logical to infer that the recent developments introduced three modes of the issue. First, the P5+1 asserted to convince Iran through certain mediators such the Russian Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin. Accordingly, the Iranians were cajoled to amass two boons if it agrees to withdraw from the nuclear build-up. (1) Iran would be able to get the frozen money abroad under economic sanctions.

The retrievable amount is 53 Billion USD. (2) It (Iran) would increase its dejected income level by exporting the petroleum products. This was the benefit that prompted Tehran to careen for harmony with the world leaders in the appellation of P5+1 deal. Thus, the accord has been declared, which ascertains Iran's patent abandonment from its ambitions for developing nuclear weapons. Meanwhile, Benjamin  Netanyahu , the Israeli prime Minister, has exclusively expressed not to let Iran become nuclear power, the arch-enemy of Israel and equally determined to wipe out Tel Aviv from the planet. Accordingly, he stated that Israelis are human and they needed home and shelter. However, Iranians are much aggressive towards Israelites.

If they succeed to build nuclear bomb, that will be bitter for Israelis' existence; therefore, it is imperative for us to prevent Tehran from becoming nuclear power. That is why he contacted with Russian Prime Minister and attempted to get assurance of complete abandonment of nuclear programme that Iran secretively operates. Hereafter, the state of apparent solution for the decade-long issue under the deal becomes more vulnerable when Israel has still mistrust regarding Iran whilst the latter still entertains Hezbollah, arrant-antagonist to Israel, with funding and small arms.

Therefore, keeping the complex power projection in the Middle East by regional and extra-regional powers in front, the plausible argument can be made that to be ensured of the Iranian withdrawal from nuclear build-up needs the existing mistrust and misunderstanding to be removed. Only then-by the peaceful settlements can be made fruitful. Third and more significant, it is coherent to fathom what has made the scenario of hostility change. What is the driving force which has persuaded each side to come closer to other?

Prior to the 2012, Turkey has been much vital for USA for its friendly policies towards Washington. However, Ankara seems changing its foreign policy from being west-dependent to self-dependent and looking eastward. Significantly, Turkey prompted Washington to provide the AIR defense and missile system with the transfer of technology which the latter deliberately asserted to delay. Additionally, Tayyab Erdegan urged US to take vehement military action against Bashaar regime. Again, it does not come to be in line with the Turkish ambitions.  

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Therefore, Erdegan regime decided to go to the alternatives. China, a perceived rival to USA, was considered and opted as the best choice for acquisition of the required systems with the transfer of the technology.   Rhetorically, the Turkish tilt towards China makes a power-vacuum for the western powers, which also needs an alternative to be applied. The Turkish escape from the western camp in the eyes of the western policymakers is as odious as its expanding and emerging character is vicious in the bad-look of Tehran. So, the odious and vicious undertakings pile up the secret dealers in unified camp on the altar of self-seeking pathways. Thence, the pacification with Iran seems taking place with greatly pace. By dint of this policy formulation, Turkey is likely to be pressurized and Iran will in the forthcoming scenario be planted as counterweight to Turkish initiatives in ME. To wind up, Iran has its own interests in the region. It can work with the west if required under certain circumstances in order to put the country on the path of prosperity and development, getting rid of the economic sanctions and curtailing Turkish over-expanding regional influence.  

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The Author is a junior scholar and researcher. He has presented his papers in several national and international conferences. He is also a freelance columnist and contributes to both national and international print media.

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