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Neocons Guided Petraeus on Afghan War

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Cross-posted from Consortium News


Gen. David Petraeus posing before the U.S. Capitol with Kimberly Kagan, founder and president of the Institute for the Study of War. (Photo credit: ISW's 2011 Annual Report)

Even after the Iraq War disaster and Barack Obama's election in 2008, neoconservatives retained their influence over U.S. war policies in Afghanistan through their close ties to George W. Bush's national security holdovers, such as Gen. David Petraeus who partnered with neocon war hawks in escalating the Afghan War.

How tight Petraeus's relationship was with two neocons in particular, Frederick and Kimberly Kagan, was explored Wednesday in a Washington Post article by war correspondent Rajiv Chandrasekaran who described how Petraeus installed the husband-and-wife team in U.S. offices in Kabul, granted them top-secret clearances and let them berate military officers about war strategy.

Though the Kagans received no pay from the U.S. government, they drew salaries from their respective think tanks which are supported by large corporations, including military contractors with interests in extending the Afghan War. Frederick Kagan works for the American Enterprise Institute, and Kimberly Kagan founded the Institute for the Study of War [ISW] in 2007 and is its current president.

According to ISW's last annual report, its original supporters were mostly right-wing foundations, such as the Smith-Richardson Foundation and the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, but it now is backed by national security contractors, including major ones like General Dynamics, Northrop Grumman and CACI, as well as lesser-known firms such as DynCorp International, which provides training for Afghan police, and Palantir, a technology company founded with the backing of the CIA's venture-capital arm, In-Q-Tel. Palantir supplies software to U.S. military intelligence in Afghanistan.

In her official bio at the ISW's Web site, Kimberly Kagan touts her work "in Kabul for fifteen months in 2010 and 2011 as a 'directed telescope' to General David H. Petraeus and subsequently General John Allen, working on special projects for these commanders of the International Security Assistance Force."

In the ISW's 2011 annual report, Petraeus praises Kagan as "a barracuda at some times," hails her leadership and poses with her for several photographs, including one in his dress uniform with the U.S. Capitol in the background.

The Post article noted that...

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"For Kim Kagan, spending so many months away from research and advocacy work in Washington could have annoyed many donors to the Institute for the Study of War. But her major backers appear to have been pleased that she cultivated such close ties with Petraeus, who went from Kabul to head the CIA before resigning this fall over his affair with [biographer Paula] Broadwell. ...

"On Aug. 8, 2011, a month after he relinquished command in Afghanistan to take over at the CIA, Petraeus spoke at the institute's first 'President's Circle' dinner, where he accepted an award from Kim Kagan. ... 'What the Kagans do is they grade my work on a daily basis,' Petraeus said, prompting chortles from the audience. 'There's some suspicion that there's a hand up my back, and it makes my lips talk, and it's operated by one of the Doctors Kagan.' ...

"At the August 2011 dinner honoring Petraeus, Kagan thanked executives from two defense contractors who sit on her institute's corporate council, DynCorp International and CACI International. The event was sponsored by General Dynamics. All three firms have business interests in the Afghan war.

"Kagan told the audience that their funding allowed her to assist Petraeus. 'The ability to have a 15-month deployment essentially in the service of those who needed some help -- and the ability to go at a moment's notice -- that's something you all have sponsored,' she said."

Earlier Warning Signs

Though the Post article provides new details about Petraeus's coziness to Washington's neocons, there have been warning signs about this relationship for several years. In 2010, I wrote articles describing how Petraeus and other holdovers from George W. Bush's administration, such as Defense Secretary Robert Gates, had trapped the inexperienced Obama into expanding the Afghan War.

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On Sept. 27, 2010, I noted that...

"After his solid victory in November 2008, Obama rebuffed recommendations from some national security experts that he clean house by installing a team more in line with his campaign pledge of 'change you can believe in.' He accepted instead the counsel of Establishment Democrats who warned against any disruption to the war-fighting hierarchy and who were especially supportive of keeping Gates...

"Before Obama's decision to dispatch [an additional] 30,000 troops [in an Afghan War 'surge' in 2009], the Bush holdovers ... sought to hem in the President's choices by working with allies in the Washington news media and in think tanks. ...

"For instance, early in 2009, Petraeus personally arranged for Max Boot [a neocon on the Council on Foreign Relations], Frederick Kagan and Kimberly Kagan to get extraordinary access during a trip to Afghanistan. ... Their access paid dividends for Petraeus when they penned a glowing report in the Weekly Standard about the prospects for success in Afghanistan -- if only President Obama sent more troops and committed the United States to stay in the war for the long haul. ...

"'Fears of impending disaster are hard to sustain, ... if you actually spend some time in Afghanistan, as we did recently at the invitation of General David Petraeus, chief of U.S. Central Command,' they wrote upon their return.

"'Using helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, and bone-jarring armored vehicles, we spent eight days traveling from the snow-capped peaks of Kunar province near the border with Pakistan in the east to the wind-blown deserts of Farah province in the west near the border with Iran. Along the way we talked with countless coalition soldiers, ranging from privates to a four-star general,' the trio said."

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http://www.consortiumnews.com

Robert Parry broke many of the Iran-Contra stories in the 1980s for the Associated Press and Newsweek. His latest book, Secrecy & Privilege: Rise of the Bush Dynasty from Watergate to Iraq, can be ordered at secrecyandprivilege.com. It's also available at more...)
 

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