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Journalism v. Propaganda

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The US and Israel blame Iran for the suicide attack in Bulgaria, but offer no evidence for the accusation


Almost immediately after a suicide bomber killed five Israeli tourists in Bulgaria on Wednesday, Israeli officials, led by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, blamed Iran, an accusation uncritically repeated by most Western media outlets even as Bulgarian investigators warned it would be a "mistake" to assign blame before the attack could be investigated. Now, Israel, along with the U.S., is blaming Hezbollah and, therefore, Iran for the attack. The New York Times article by Nicholas Kulish and Eric Schmitt -- headlined "Hezbollah Is Blamed for Attack on Israeli Tourists in Bulgaria" -- uncritically treats those accusations as confirmed fact despite no evidence being offered for it:

"American officials on Thursday identified the suicide bomber responsible for a deadly attack on Israeli vacationers here as a member of a Hezbollah cell that was operating in Bulgaria and looking for such targets, corroborating Israel's assertions and making the bombing a new source of tension with Iran.

"One senior American official said the current American intelligence assessment was that the bomber, who struck Wednesday, killing five Israelis, had been 'acting under broad guidance' to hit Israeli targets when opportunities presented themselves, and that the guidance had been given to Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group, by Iran, its primary sponsor. Two other American officials confirmed that Hezbollah was behind the bombing, but declined to provide additional details.

"The attacks, the official said, were in retaliation for the assassinations of Iranian nuclear scientists, for which Iran has blamed Israeli agents -- an accusation that Israel has neither confirmed nor denied. 'This was tit for tat,' said the American official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because the investigation was still under way. . . .

"A senior Israeli official said on Thursday that the Burgas attack was part of an intensive wave of terrorist attacks around the world carried out by two different organizations, the Iranian Quds Force, an elite international operations unit within Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps, as well as by Hezbollah."

By "identified," "confirmed" and "corroborated" Iranian and Hezbollah responsibility, what The New York Times means is this: American officials asserted that this was so, even as they "declined to provide additional details" and even though "the investigation was still under way." Indeed, this accusation is, as the NYT sees it, "confirmed" and "corroborated" even though "no details yet about the bomber like his name or nationality" are known; even though their anonymous American source "declined to describe what specific intelligence -- intercepted communications, analysis of the bomber's body parts or other details -- []led analysts to conclude that the bomber belonged to Hezbollah"; even though "the Bulgarians are still trying to figure out how the bomber entered the country, how he traveled around and where he stayed"; and even though the Bulgarian Foreign Minister said: "We're not pointing the finger in any direction until we know what happened and complete our investigation." All The Paper of Record knows is that U.S. and Israeli officials have blamed Iran and Hezbollah, and -- as usual -- that's good enough for them. Identified, Confirmed and Corroborated.

By stark contrast, The Washington Post"s Karin Brulliard, reporting from Jerusalem, commits an act of actual journalism with her story on this event. She, too, notes the official accusations of Hezbollah and Iranian responsibility, but, as Think Progress' Ali Gharib points out, she heavily qualifies that in the third paragraph of her story: "Israel offered no concrete evidence tying the bombing to Iran, and Bulgarian officials cautioned that it was too early to attribute responsibility."

That's called basic journalism: instead of just repeating official claims, treating them as "confirmed," and shaping the entire article around those assertions, she prominently notes that there is no real evidence to lead anyone to believe these accusations. She then adds more skepticism: "U.S. intelligence officials said it was 'plausible' that Hezbollah carried out the attack but that analysts at the CIA and other agencies were still evaluating the intelligence surrounding the bombing and had not reached a conclusion."

I have no idea who is behind the attacks. If it turns out to be Hezbollah and/or Iran, that will not shock me: after all, if it is perceived that you have sent hit squads onto a country's soil to murder their nuclear scientists, it's likely that the targeted nation will want to respond with violence of their own. But there is no evidence to confirm the American and Israeli accusations. A reader of the New York Times article would not know that, while a reader of Brulliard's article in the Post would. That's the difference between journalism and propaganadistic stenography. It's really not that difficult or complex, when repeating government claims, to note clearly and prominently that no evidence has been furnished to support those claims.

The rest of this article can be read at Salon

 

For the past 10 years, I was a litigator in NYC specializing in First Amendment challenges, civil rights cases, and corporate and securities fraud matters. I am the author of the New York Times Best-Selling book, How Would A Patriot (more...)
 

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it is a lie. When a second person tells the same l... by John Sanchez Jr. on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 7:29:26 AM
Good morning, John, you beat me to it! :) your ... by Ned Lud on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 7:46:13 AM
"When a second person tells the same lie, it is co... by Michael Rose on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 10:04:31 AM
There are two styles of writing/thinking. Creat... by Ned Lud on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 10:31:52 AM
I wish Glenn could join us here, occasionally, and... by Ned Lud on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 7:41:52 AM
there is at least one former 1st Amendment and civ... by Mark Adams JD/MBA on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 10:35:47 AM
The NYT was one of the lead news organization lyin... by Richard Pietrasz on Monday, Jul 23, 2012 at 8:36:32 PM
I don't recall anyone in the last decade accusing ... by Walter J Smith on Tuesday, Jul 24, 2012 at 12:01:35 AM
You're right that it is good journalism to questio... by David Haggith on Friday, Jul 27, 2012 at 1:46:04 PM