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Is Anyone Enforcing the Animal Welfare Act?

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For years many of us have been writing the USDA re the lack of enforcement of
the Animal Welfare Act.  Little or nothing seemed to ever come of our letters of
concern to improve the conditions of animals in laboratories or in the CAFOs.
New heads of this department have come and gone, but the good ole boys' policy
lingers on.   And what is this policy?  Basically, it seems to be -"IGNORE THE ANIMAL
WELFARE  ACT" as much as you can. 

This following statement comes from the Fact Sheet presented at the World
Laboratory Animal Liberation Week held in April of this year:

"The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the USDA has audited the United
States Dept. of Agriculture/Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service/Animal Care
(USDA/APHIS/AC) 3 times and they found major problems with the enforcement
of the AWA."

But even after the unfavorable report of the OIG re USDA policies in 1995, three
later whistleblowers proved that little had changed within the agency after the OIG
audit.

Why is this happening?  How are the officials of the USDA getting away with basically
ignoring the Animal Welfare Act?  Is there money involved? Yes, I will be the first one
to admit that I am naive.  I will also be the first one to admit that I cannot understand
that corruption exists in government, though certainly I must have read accounts of it. 
And yes, it has sunk in to a degree.  As a result, each year on the patriotic holidays, I find
I can no longer sing "America, the Beautiful" with the same gusto I once did.  Tears
no longer well up in my eyes when I hear it sung.  This is not the America I thought
I knew.

The OIG did admit in 1995 that the USDA/APHIS lacked sufficient authority to
effectively enforce the AWA within laboratories, but noted that it also seems that it
didn't effectively utlilize the limited authority that it did have.   And since then, it seems
that the head officials may even have become openly hostile to effective enforcement
of the AWA.

In 2000 - Dr. Isis Johnson-Brown, a former USDA inspector and whistleblower, issued
the following statement at a news conference in Portland, Oregon:

"The research institutions I visited, including the Oregon Primate Center, were
not happy to see me coming once they realized that I was going to hold them to
the law.  This reaction I expected.  What was surprising to me was my own
supervisors were disappointed and unsupportive of my efforts to simply enforce
the bare minimum standards in the Code of Federal Regulations.  The USDA
has a god ol' boy relationship with the research industry and the laws are nothing
more than smoke and mirrors.  More than once, I was instructed by a supervisor
to make a personal list of violations of the law, cut that list in half, and then cut
that list in half again before writing up my inspection resports.  My willingness to
uphold the law during my site visits at the Primate Center led to me being "retrained"
several times by higher-ups in the USDA."

A woman of integrity.  How she must have agonized over being unable to better the
situation of bad laboratory conditions for the animals.  Why aren't there people like
Dr. Isis Johnson-Brown leading the USDA?  Why doesn't Congress or the President
do something about this?  Again, it must have a money connection.  

Finally in 2011 there is some good news coming from the USDA, and I believe it is
because of the public proliferation of the horrendous tapes of farm animal suffering
put out by animal rights organiztions.  As a result, the USDA has finally defined the
meaning of "Egregious Cruelty."  I read this in the Vegan.com Blog on August 15:

"The USDA's Food Safety Inspection Service today released new regulations on
livestock handling, which for the first time defines" egregious cruelties":

1.  Making cuts on or skinning conscious animals;
2.  Excessive beating or prodding of ambulatory or nonabulatory disabled animals
     or dragging of conscious animals;
3.  Driving animals off semi-trailers over a drop off without providing adequate
     unloading facilities (animals are falling to the ground);
4.  Running equipment over conscious animals;
5.  Stunning of animals and then allowing them to regain consciousness;
6.  Multiple attempts, especially in the absence of immediate corrective measures,
     to stun an animal versus a single blow or shot that renders an animal immediately
    unconscious;
7. Dismembering conscious animals, for example, cutting off ears or removing feet;
8. Leaving disabled livestock exposed to adverse climate conditions while awaiting
    disposition, or
9. Otherwise causing unnecessary pain and suffering to animals, including situations
    on trucks.

How very, very sad that it took so long for the USDA to FINALLY make a list of
egregious cruelties which should have been defined ages ago.  In all these years,
these egregious cruelties were inflicted on God knows how many millions and
millions of CAFO animals.  And during this time, it would seem that the USDA was
turning a blind eye to these horrible violations of animal cruelty.

Some years ago Gail Eisnitz wrote a book called "Slaughterhouse."  In it she describes
some of the horrors she witnessed in slaughterhouses.  It took a great deal of courage to
do this -to witness first hand the needless and cruel suffering of innocent farm animals.
It should have been required reading for the president, the Congress, and most
especially the USDA, though they obviously were aware and didn't do much to stop it. 

 

I have been concerned about animal suffering ever since
I received my first puppy Peaches in 1975. She made me take a good look at the animal kingdom and I was shocked to see how badly we treat so many animals. At 77, I've been a vegan for the (more...)
 

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It seems the FDA needs an overhaul as well.  ... by Suzana Megles on Thursday, Aug 18, 2011 at 5:14:28 PM