Mohamed Morsi - Caricature by DonkeyHotey
Caricature of President Mohamed Morsi deposed in a coups by the Egyptian military
Is there still any doubt that the Egyptian military staged a coups overthrowing legitimately elected President Mohamed Morsi was precipitated by millions in the streets protesting against Morsi which became the catalyst for the army to act as it did?
Coups, especially ones that overturn a legitimately elected president or Prime Minister (think Mohammed Mossadegh of Iran in 1953 and Salvador Allende in Chile in 1973) bring unpredictable yet terrible consequences for the people.
Yesterday's killing of more than 50 Morsi backers by the army is seen by the survivors as a massacre of peaceful protesters.
With this incident, Islamists of the Nour Party, which initially supported the army's coups has now removed itself from any negotiations with secularists, liberals, leaders of the student protesters and former supporters of ousted strongman Hosni Mubarak to help form an interim government. And the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist party of deposed President Morsi has vowed to continue its protests until Morsi gets reinstated.
It's hard to imagine a worse scenario that has unfolded in Egypt.
With unyielding opposition forces in the population holding onto their rigid positions that either backed the army's coups of Morsi and now seemingly all Islamists, not just Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood in opposition to any negotiations, how can this impasse be transcended without bringing on a civil war?
Reconciliation between opposition forces is extremely difficult, not only in Egypt but in all countries attempting to establish a democratic path after decades of autocratic rule, without agreeing that compromise and mutual respect for their differences be accepted a priori as necessary before establishing a new government and before any elections take place.
A forced presidential election without a compromised constitution written and in place and approved by the people is disastrous, as Egypt has proven.
Having holdover Court appointees from the previous authoritarian regime remaining in their positions (as happened with the Supreme Court appointees made by Mubarak) becomes an impassible roadblock to any new president's initiatives if they are allowed to rule AFTER the new constitution is in place and a new president elected without him being able to nominate new justices and approved or rejected by a legislative assembly. So before new court appointees are nominated by the new president there must be a new parliamentary assembly representing the people who then would select or reject new court appointees made by the president.
These critical political conditions weren't in place and established in Egypt. Instead Mubarak's court appointees remained on the court who resisted, from the beginning the election of Morsi and suspended the previously elected people's assembly shortly after Morsi took office. Morsi attempted to have the assembly reseated but was rejected by the Mubarak appointed court. When Morsi then asserted his authority above the court (seen by many Egyptians as reminiscent of Mubarak's authoritarian dictatorial rule) along with a deteriorating economy, severe unemployment, electrical outages, fiscal debt incurred under Mubarak but not forgiven, curtailing government spending needed to alleviate the poor economic plight of the people and a collapsing tourist industry (a previous major source of hard currency coming into the country) all contributed to the mass demonstrations and finally the coups by the Egyptian military that ousted Morsi.
All these implacable conditions mentioned above were the reason I wrote, "In Retrospect, Morsi Never had a Chance to Succeed", OPEDNEWS, July 5, 2013.
And now there's Egypt's descent into societal breakdown and possible civil war.
The implacable conditions forced on Morsi (or any president that would have been elected under those conditions he faced) and brought Egypt to its current state of societal breakdown can't be undone.
But fixing it? Even a miracle return of the Prophet Muhammad would be hard put to contain the social unraveling gripping Egypt at this time and preventing civil war from happening.