What killed Europe's Jews was an idea; the notion that when the last Jewish family was dead, the entire Germanic race would transmutate into the next stage of human evolution, der Ubermensch. Hitler took a mix of scientific knowledge and bastardized elements of German philosophy to arrive at his conception of the world. He co-opted the philosophical thoughts of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), who was, sorry to say, a racist, not unlike just about every Euro-American thinker at the time. Nietzsche originated the term Ubermensch and applied it to personal development as part of a proposed magical transformation of the German Herren Rasse (Noble Race) into a mystically endowed transhuman, hence his term "the will to power"- adopted by Hitler as a personal mantra. Nietzsche proposed that the Ubermensch would inevitably appear as a function of the Noble Races' superior will and in the process destroy Christianity, another of Hitler's long-term goals. It was Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) who believed that the human "will"- (der Wille) was far more significant than material power, actually the primal force in life; hence Hitler's belief that his march to political power was a "triumph of the will"- against the corrupt materialism of bourgeois society. Hitler then arrived at a worldview in which the entirety of existence revolved around the purification and survival of the Germanic Race (das Volk), as a single conscious organic being.[i]
Hitler was not a Social Darwinist. He was a Sociobiologist and the Nazi state became the world's first ultra-Darwinist state. Amazingly, in a short time, biology became the organizing principle for the German national state's domestic and foreign policies, just as Hitler outlined in Mein Kampf. The biological end of German political action would be the complete annihilation of the Jews. When the last Jew in Europe was dead, then the Ubermensch would appear, and the whole German race would be mystically and immediately transformed by the power of der Wille into an extraordinary transhuman race, unbound by conventional moral and physical limitations. This explains a lot of things, namely the First Cause.
The first cause of the Holocaust is a deeply troubling problem for many people, not only Jews, but also for anyone concerned about righteousness. David Berlinsky:
For reasons that they could not make clear, even to themselves, the men controlling the Third Reich determined that it would be a fine thing to exterminate 9 million European Jews. [ii]
They did make it clear to themselves. The connections between Darwinism and the Nazi genocide of Jews and Gypsies are obvious, but the scientific establishment has been in denial for quite some time, and their protectors in the media and academia are unwilling to draw anyone's attention to just how murderous a doctrine Darwinism is. Hitler, unlike Malthus, didn't have any agenda against poverty. A pauper, as long as he was Aryan, made as good a soldier as anyone. Hitler was a racist and he saw History in terms of a racial struggle for existence in the same way that Darwin did. It was Darwinist Ernst Haeckel who coined the phrase "politics is applied biology"-[iii] and Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, reaffirmed Haeckel when he stated, "The German Nazi state is nothing but applied biology."-[iv] These are not idle words. The Nazi ultra-Darwinist state applied biological notions to its domestic and foreign policies and acted upon them. Hitler was not a scientist, but with a photographic memory he was also not a fool. He gladly accepted as true the 19th and 20th century notions about the inherent superiority of the white or Aryan races. He was obsessed with the notion of racial purity and believed that by "cleansing the blood"- of the German race, it might attain the mythical powers of the Aryan root race. Hitler on February 17th, 1942:
Peace can only result from a natural order.-It is Jewry that always destroys this order. The more we render the Jew incapable of harming us, the more we shall protect ourselves from this danger. The Jew plays in nature the role of a catalyzing element. A people that are rid of its Jews returns spontaneously to the natural order.[v]
This is a direct reference to the spontaneous emergence of new traits, species-wide, and is the reason why the total obliteration of the Jews often took precedence over the conventional war effort: Their destruction was the war aim. Hitler believed that an Aryan species-wide transmutation could happen suddenly and immediately upon the Jews' complete annihilation. How else can the illogic of it all be explained? Lucy Davidowicz:
The Final Solution had top priority, even at a time of military exigencies. The need for railroads to transport Jews to their deaths often competed with the need for railroads to transport soldiers and military supplies to the front. Both received equal consideration.[vi]
This explains the true death camps like Belsec, Treblinka, Sobibor and Chelmno, whose only function was to kill Jews as quickly and efficiently as possible, even when this mandate was at odds with the increasingly unsuccessful titanic military struggle against the Red Army. Historian Norman Rich:
The Holocaust was to be carried out"-with an almost total disregard for political and economic consequences.[vii]
This is why the Holocaust doesn't make any logical sense. Only the illogic of Nazi racial mysticism can explain it. The Second World War became an opportunity to advance and manifest the Nazis' ultimate aim, which was the creation of a new and superior human species: the Ubermensch, whose sudden emergence would win that war. Our version of history places the onus squarely upon Hitler--it's another "lone gunman theory"- on a massive scale. The idea that one man, who was mad, masterminded the Holocaust, neatly circumnavigates the Darwinist root cause of Nazi racial ideology. By labeling Hitler the sole architect of the Holocaust, our civilization deftly avoids confronting the true nature of the crime. Hitler, the madman, serves as a perfect scapegoat for a society unwilling and unable to confront the links between the Malthusian/Darwinist ethos and Nazi fascism. After all, many of the fundamental elements of that political philosophy form the basis of 20th and 21st century Euro-American social orders. This is one reason why malignant doctrines like Sociobiology can take root in our culture: The Malthusian/Darwinian philosophy is a generally accepted truth, upon which other destructive neo-Nazi ideas like Evolutionary Psychology are justified and gain scientific credibility through their conformity to the prevailing fascist, racist ideology that is now central to Euro-American governments and social institutions.
[i] Hitler, Mein Kampf (1943), "Personality and Conception of the Folkish State"- pp. 442-451. George L. Mosse, The Crisis of German Ideology, (Grosset and Dunlap, New York, 1964), p.4, Das Volk as "The union of a people with a transcendental essence."-
[ii] David Berlinsky, The Devil's Delusion: Atheism and its scientific Pretensions, (New York, 2008), p.29.
[iii] George J. Stein, "Biological Science and the Roots of Nazism"- American Scientist, 76(1), 1988, pp. 50-58.
[iv] Edwin Black, War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race, (Thunder's Mouth Press, New York, 2004), p.270.
[v] Hitler's Table Talk, 1941-1944: His Private Conversations, Norman Cameron and R.H. Stevens, trans. (Enigma, New York, 2000), p.314.
[vi] Lucy Davidowicz, The War Against the Jews: 1933-1945, (New York, 1975), p.140.
[vii] Norman Rich, Hitler's War Aims: Ideology, the Nazi State, and the Course of Expansion, 2 vol. (Norton, 1973), vol. 2, p.11, also, vol. 1, pp.57-58.