OpEdNews Op Eds

Gentrification Is Merely the Transformation Of Large Cities Into Post Industrial Cities

By (about the author)     Permalink       (Page 1 of 1 pages)
Related Topic(s): ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; (more...) ; ; ; ; ; , Add Tags  (less...) Add to My Group(s)

News 1   Interesting 1   Valuable 1  
View Ratings | Rate It

opednews.com Headlined to H4 1/30/14

Become a Fan
  (3 fans)
- Advertisement -

From http://www.flickr.com/photos/49539505@N04/4545526049/: Outdoor cafe, NYC
Outdoor cafe, NYC
(image by La Citta Vita)
  DMCA

Gentrification has become an extremely loaded term.  A number of critics have claimed that is displaced the poor and marginalized in favor of the wealthier.   While this is true to an extent, it takes the 20th century history of cities like New York out of context and focuses only on where these cities were from the 1990s to the present.  By doing that, it doesn't show what really has been going on with the national economy.

From the late 1800s to the 1960s, the US was in industrial expansion mode.  The nation was building cities, building infrastructure such as modern highways, airports, seaports, and other facilities.   Certain cities like New York were industrial centers.  Many of the neighborhoods that would later on become ghettoes were in this area industrial neighborhoods full of factories, warehouses, freight train yards and if they were near the water, places for ships to dock.  But by the end of the 1960, several changes happened.   Once the US was finished with hard core development, it didn't need the same manufacturing capacity.  After World War II, with Europe and Asia wrecked and Latin America and Africa underdeveloped, the US was the world's sole major industrial country.  In the decades after World War II, the European and Japanese recoveries created formidable competitors to US industrial companies.   The same amount of industrial capacity wasn't needed.   In order to be compete on price, industrial companies started to leave the Northeast and Midwest for Southern states.  By the 1970s the rust belt was in full decline, and New York was in fiscal crises.  Industries and shipping left New York for New Jersey (Port Elizabeth takes ships from the ocean).  Former industrial areas and the neighborhoods where there employees lived became ghettos.  Many of the people who once worked at these jobs moved away to the Sunbelt.  This was urban disinvestment.  As big companies no longer hired in major cities, other companies like banks, decent grocery stores, and other major retailers didn't serve these inner cities areas anymore.   This made these neighborhoods even less desirable places to live.  In response landlords often rented out to Section 8 clients.  The war on poverty meant there was now much more money available for welfare.

In the New York context, by the crack cocaine era big parts of the city became ghetto by 1990.  Northern Brooklyn, Northern Manhattan, big parts of Western Manhattan, the Lower East Side, LIC, and parts of the Rockaways were crime ridden slums.  But after the end of the crack cocaine era, mayors like Giuliani and Bloomberg gave New York City a different image.  Again New York and other big cities had major investment.  By then the US companies had new industrial competition from China, Mexico, Brazil, India, and other emerging markets.  The companies the biggest cities attracted were services.  Financial services, the creative sector, education, and STEM jobs.  The tech sector is now New York's second largest generator of income after financial services.  So cities again became attractive places to live.  The big cities like New York and Los Angeles became global cities.  As global cities they use their name to attract tourists, students, and business people.  A good portion of these people live in the city on a part time basis.  A number of poor neighborhoods were convenient to major business centers.  Real estate development replaced run down tenements with modern housing.  Grocery stores, banks, and major retailers returned.   And landlords in these areas rejected government programs.  Clearly this transformation had both good and bad effects.  But it wasn't a simple matter of rich people pushing poor people out.  It was a matter of cities transforming from industrial cities to cities fueled by government programs to cities fueled by various types of services jobs and new industries.  In short, it was really just change.  Societies always change and change always has both good and bad consequences.  But we all have to live with the change regardless, and the past is gone.
- Advertisement -
- Advertisement -

 

http://twitter.com/#!/screenwriter32

Screenwriter. Historian. Graduate of Cornell University. Currently taking graduate classes at Lehman College.

Share on Google Plus Submit to Twitter Add this Page to Facebook! Share on LinkedIn Pin It! Add this Page to Fark! Submit to Reddit Submit to Stumble Upon


Go To Commenting

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.

Writers Guidelines

Contact Author Contact Editor View Authors' Articles
- Advertisement -

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

Rapid Gentrification Hitting Bed Stuy and Changing the Neighborhood's Racial Demographics

Occupy Wall Street's Founders and Take Ownership of the Movement

The Degeneration of Occupy Wall Street Into A Charity

OWS Encourages The Growth Of Independent Media

Discrimination And Nepotism In Hollywood

Marjorie Hill, GMHC's First Black Woman CEO, Thrown Under the Bus

Comments

The time limit for entering new comments on this article has expired.

This limit can be removed. Our paid membership program is designed to give you many benefits, such as removing this time limit. To learn more, please click here.

Comments: Expand   Shrink   Hide  
4 people are discussing this page, with 7 comments
To view all comments:
Expand Comments
(Or you can set your preferences to show all comments, always)

New York's transformation from working class to po... by Justin Samuels on Thursday, Jan 30, 2014 at 8:33:16 AM
This article reads like a press release for wealth... by Michael Germain on Thursday, Jan 30, 2014 at 9:07:58 AM
There are a number of Asian (Chinese, Indian, etc... by Justin Samuels on Thursday, Jan 30, 2014 at 9:56:41 AM
I remember a story from a few years ago about a w... by Ida Garza on Friday, Jan 31, 2014 at 9:01:29 AM
"There are a number of Asian (Chinese, Indian, et... by Daniel Penisten on Friday, Jan 31, 2014 at 2:57:22 PM
"Where, exactly, does the writer think these peop... by Daniel Penisten on Friday, Jan 31, 2014 at 2:36:26 PM
Gentrification serves the wealthy speculator class... by Daniel Penisten on Friday, Jan 31, 2014 at 2:47:50 PM