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Early American Torture Porn: How to "Cure" a Witchy Woman

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by Logo by Meryl Ann Butler for opednews.com

Number Four in the monthly Uppity Women Wednesday Series, started in April, 2014.

Imagine watching unwilling females of your acquaintance being strip searched, probed, and tortured by a group of your friends, from needle stabbing to the very public, pubic shaving of said naked ladies. Sound like a tall tale from the internet? Far from it. These abuses were routinely carried out by numerous holier-than-thou religious communities of colonial America.

All in the sacred name of witchcraft suppression.

Magic Circle (detail) by John William Waterhouse, 1886 by Public domain via the Wiki

Nowadays, we don't get very excited about witches, much less fear them. Instead, we regard broomhildas as movie stereotypes; as figures of fun; or as sexy choices for Hallowe'en dress-up. But for seven shocking centuries in Europe and in colonial America, it was a much darker story.

Witch burning. by Public domain via the Wiki

As late as the mid-19th century, people implicitly believed in witches. Men and women, rich and poor, Catholic and Protestant, educated and unlettered, stoutly swore that witchcraft existed. They saw sorcery as Satan, who took his victims unawares and overwhelmed them. Furthermore, as churchgoers, they believed they had a Christian duty to hunt down witches and eradicate them.

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The Devil's Hammer (Malleus Maleficarum in Latin) by Collage of public domain images from the wiki

Influential preachers from John Wesley to Cotton Mather reinforced that view, citing the Bible and The Devil's Hammer, a witch-hunter's manual published in 1484. The ultimate how-to book, written by a pair of inquisitors and endorsed by the pope, its timing was perfect. The pope had already blamed Europe's freezing weather and crop failures (we now call that period the Little Ice Age) on witches and magicians. Thanks to Gutenberg, who in 1450 invented the printing press, The Devil's Hammer became one of history's first printed bestsellers. It maintained its influence clear into colonial times and throughout the early American colonies.

Feared Grand Inquisitor Tomás de Torquemada with the Cross of the Inquisition by Collage of Public Domain images by Meryl Ann Butler

In one sense, this all-too-intense belief in the supernatural was convenient. As humans, throughout our lives we encounter inexplicable events, weird mischances, and tragedies, from job loss to miscarriages. We try to make sense of them; failing that, to accept them. But in those bygone days, rational thought was rare. Instead, there existed real phobias about the devil and magic; along with a deep fear of women and what the Devil's Hammer authors referred to as their "voracious carnal appetites."

On the pages of that book, the authors told lurid tales of women who had sex with a variety of demons. They "documented" the shameless hussies and crones who stole men's penises, a sure signal of witch behavior. This mindset connected powerfully with males, who liked to imagine themselves as superior to women. At the same time, these fearful stories enabled men to easily blame often-powerless females as scapegoats.

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Witches dancing with Devils, woodcut, 16th C. by Public domain

We tend to think of the Salem hysteria of 1692 and 1693 as America's first and only witch persecution. Not so. Fifty years earlier, the devoutly Puritan government of Connecticut made "witchcraft" one of its twelve capital crimes. In May of 1647, Alse Young of Windsor, the first person executed for witchcraft in colonial America, was hanged on the site where the Old State House now stands. Sorcery hysteria had reared its ugly head in Hartford and two other communities. Some 46 trials took place; eleven persons, almost all women, were sent to the gallows.

Grace Sherwood statue (detail) by Meryl Ann Butler for OpEdNews.com

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Vicki Leon, author of over 35 nonfiction books on women's history, ancient history, and travel, along with pictorial books for younger readers on wildlife and earth's fragile habitats, lives on the California coast but often returns to her favorite (more...)

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This story would make a good movie. As your title ... by Ralph Dratman on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 6:09:26 AM
Great idea, this could make a fabulous movie! ... by Meryl Ann Butler on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 8:19:51 AM
Robert, thanks for your insightful remarks on reli... by Vicki Leon on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 1:40:01 PM
No it wouldn't.The problem with using history like... by Bill Johnson on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 5:08:02 PM
"If it were straight out of the history books with... by J. Edward Tremlett on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 10:09:30 PM
"Reality does tend to have a 'left' spin";-) Makes... by Meryl Ann Butler on Thursday, Jul 10, 2014 at 8:12:12 AM
I don't follow you, but I still don't want my movi... by Bill Johnson on Saturday, Jul 12, 2014 at 4:14:56 PM
I wonder why you voted up my comment, then. Was it... by J. Edward Tremlett on Saturday, Jul 12, 2014 at 9:06:14 PM
This story made me think of our own times, christi... by robert krupkin on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 7:02:32 AM
Robert, thanks for your insightful remarks on reli... by Vicki Leon on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 1:40:01 PM
Charles Upham wrote a brilliant two - volume book... by Mark Sashine on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 7:25:37 AM
Thanks for your comments on Upham=92s long-winded ... by Vicki Leon on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 1:40:01 PM
You mean the culture-bound 19th C author? Why "bri... by Robert S. Becker on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 2:24:23 PM
Special thanks to Robert Becker for all those post... by Vicki Leon on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 3:40:02 PM
from Smithsonian site:Gov. Phipps eventually pardo... by Robert S. Becker on Wednesday, Jul 9, 2014 at 2:53:17 PM
Thanks, professor! Love this info! ... by Meryl Ann Butler on Thursday, Jul 10, 2014 at 4:48:39 PM
Beautifully written. Hard to read. Not much has ch... by Dorothy Buhrman on Thursday, Jul 10, 2014 at 10:17:01 AM
Thanks for your succinct and all-too-true comment,... by Vicki Leon on Thursday, Jul 10, 2014 at 12:00:02 PM
Very valuable, thanks ... by BFalcon on Friday, Jul 11, 2014 at 9:27:49 AM
>=20Very much appreciate your comments, and hope y... by Vicki Leon on Saturday, Jul 12, 2014 at 8:00:03 PM