OpEdNews Op Eds

A Parliament in Washington?

By (about the author)     Permalink       (Page 1 of 1 pages)
Related Topic(s): ; ; ; ; ; ; ; , Add Tags Add to My Group(s)

View Ratings | Rate It

opednews.com

- Advertisement -

From flickr.com/photos/10246637@N04/14157340870/: State Opening of Parliament
State Opening of Parliament
(image by Foreign and Commonwealth Office)
  DMCA
In this series of articles we have addressed a two-part question, first of whether our country would be better off with more than two political parties in serious competition. The second part of that question is whether it might be possible for us to move to such a system.

There are countries that do offer voters a wider selection of candidates in elections, but these examples invariably seem to be parliamentary systems. Need we conclude that to achieve a multiple-party system the U.S. must consider changing to a parliamentary system? In the series we argue that another approach would be to change our voting system and responders to a poll overwhelmingly agreed with this assessment suggesting that this other approach seems available to us.

In answer to a comment to that poll, I offered the opinion that it would be very difficult for the U.S. to change to a parliamentary structure because that would seem to require numerous amendments to our Constitution. Overall, the message of the other articles of this series of articles is that by changing our voting system to a balanced voting system (balanced in the sense that we could cast a vote against a candidate as readily as we could cast a vote for a candidate) that would lead to a multiple-party system; because voting rules in our country are not established by the federal government, such a change in voting rules could only be accomplished state-by-state. That process would likely not be easy, but it would be considerably easier than amending the Constitution.

Ironically though, if this change were to happen and we consequently developed a true multiple-party electoral system, our Constitution as it currently stands would push our political system at least a significant step towards becoming a parliamentary system. Amendment XII was ratified in 1804 to re-write Section 1 of Article 2. This was done to ensure that the Vice President and President would run for office as an executive team. However, the revision retained the requirement in Article 2 that the decision of the Electoral College must be by a majority vote; if the Electoral College could not muster a majority vote for a candidate then the choice of President and Vice President would be turned over to the House of Representatives.

In the early days of our republic, the Electoral College consisted of men who were chosen by their individual states to use their best judgment in choosing the next president. With the advent of improved communications and transportation methods, the Electoral College has become something of an anachronism; it no longer operates as much more than a formality, though one that can, on occasion cause some mischief by electing a president who does not win the majority vote of the people (as happened in the 2000 election). Likewise the requirement that the Electoral College must select a president through a majority of the College has the potential for mischief, but the fact of our two-party system has kept that mischief (a president being chosen by the House of Representatives) from being realized.

- Advertisement -

But if, by changing our voting system (or by any other means), we achieved elections with real competition by more than two political parties then we could reasonably expect the Electoral College to frequently be unable to choose a president by a majority of votes. Our presidential and vice-presidential elections would typically if not always be thrown into the House of Representatives. Notice though that except for the formality of turning first to the Electoral College, this would be much like what happens in a parliamentary system. It could in fact be argued that the fundamental difference between our system and a parliamentary system is that the winning party in Parliament gets to choose the Prime Minister. However, unlike parliamentary systems we would still have presidential elections regularly scheduled every four years and we would not have the weekly questioning of a prime minister by the loyal opposition. If this were considered a parliamentary system, it would be a uniquely American version of one.

But accustomed as we are in the U.S. to electing our president, finding that our presidents are instead selected by the House of Representatives might seem a bitter pill. Even Americans who sometimes daydream about having a parliamentary government might find this reality a bit unsettling.

But clearly we would have an alternative. If instead we decide to Amend Article II once more, perhaps by simply removing the language that insists on a majority in the Electoral College, then we would retain something more like the electoral system we are accustomed to, but with more parties in contention, with voters having more choices and with election results more accurately reflecting the wishes of the voters.

- Advertisement -

 

A concerned citizen and former mathematician/engineer now retired and living in rural Maine.

Share on Google Plus Submit to Twitter Add this Page to Facebook! Share on LinkedIn Pin It! Add this Page to Fark! Submit to Reddit Submit to Stumble Upon


Go To Commenting

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.

Writers Guidelines

Contact Author Contact Editor View Authors' Articles
- Advertisement -

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

Who Pays Taxes?

Liberate Yourself from the Mainstream Media

Who Pays Taxes II

Conservatives Without Conscience

Let's Have More Political Parties

Centralized Power is Always a Danger

Comments

The time limit for entering new comments on this article has expired.

This limit can be removed. Our paid membership program is designed to give you many benefits, such as removing this time limit. To learn more, please click here.

Comments: Expand   Shrink   Hide  
2 people are discussing this page, with 11 comments
To view all comments:
Expand Comments
(Or you can set your preferences to show all comments, always)

I've often seen comments on various sites suggesti... by Paul Cohen on Thursday, Jun 26, 2014 at 9:48:54 AM
A constitutional amendment could be stopped by sta... by Susan Anthony on Friday, Jun 27, 2014 at 11:14:41 AM
What you point out is one of the great benefits of... by Paul Cohen on Friday, Jun 27, 2014 at 2:02:00 PM
Federal law (Title 3, chapter 1, section 6 of the... by Susan Anthony on Friday, Jun 27, 2014 at 3:30:00 PM
Just for example let's consider a state that has a... by Paul Cohen on Friday, Jun 27, 2014 at 9:04:33 PM
The U.S. Constitution specifically permits divers... by Susan Anthony on Saturday, Jun 28, 2014 at 12:55:41 PM
So if, following the passage of the National Popul... by Paul Cohen on Saturday, Jun 28, 2014 at 9:04:43 PM
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electoral_College_(United_St... by Susan Anthony on Sunday, Jun 29, 2014 at 3:34:09 PM
Surely objections to reported vote counts would oc... by Paul Cohen on Monday, Jun 30, 2014 at 6:47:00 AM
The current system accepts the differences among s... by Susan Anthony on Monday, Jun 30, 2014 at 11:51:23 AM
Our current voting system (and by the way, I don't... by Paul Cohen on Monday, Jun 30, 2014 at 2:19:00 PM