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Rosa Luxemburg: "The Revolution Will "Raise Itself up Again Clashing,' and to Your Horror It Will Proclaim to the Sound

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What has brought about defeat in this "so-called Spartacus Week"? "Was it a defeat due to raging revolutionary energy and a situation that was insufficiently ripe, or rather due to frailties and halfway undertakings?" ("Order Reigns in Berlin," The Reader)

It was both, Luxemburg answers: "The divided character of this crisis, the contradictions between the vigorous, resolute, aggressive showing of the people of Berlin and the indecision, timidity, and inadequacy of the Berlin leadership is the particular characteristic of the latest episode."

But the masses, she argues, must create their leadership. The masses are the "rock on which the ultimate victory of the revolution will be built."   The people "fashioned" this defeat "into a part of those historical defeats which constitute the pride and power of international socialism. And this is why this "defeat' is the seed of the future triumph."

The cleansing pogrom continued until May, 1919, when, as Craig writes, the great Sauberrungsaktion reached its climax (Germany). Thousands were killed during this reign of terror, including Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg, captured and executed on January 15, 1919 by Freikorp officers.   In time, a short time, millions will be tortured and killed.

Just as there have been other reigns of terror, there have been other uprisings"

"Order reigns in Berlin!' You stupid lackeys! Your "order" is built on sand. The revolution will "raise itself up again clashing,' and to your horror it will proclaim to the sound of trumpets: I was, I am, I shall be.

"I embrace you a thousand times, your R."



[1] Author, Brett Fairbourn.

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[2] The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg, editors Georg Adler, Peter Hudis, and Annelies Laschitza, 2011.

[3] Eisner is eventually shot dead on February 21, 1919 as part of the purge of communist/socialist thinkers and activists by the Ebert- Scheidemann regime.

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[4] Luxemburg instructs Zetkin to prepare to write about women in the newly formed Die Rote Fahne.   "As soon as you are back to normal we will talk about the work.   We here are in the process, among other things, of laying the basis for the work with women and for educational work" Letter to Clara Zetkin, [Berlin, December 1918], The Letters of Rosa Luxemburg.

[5] "It is worth noting in passing," Craig writes, "that many of the praetorians who combated the Spartacus Union in 1919--and this number included Pfug-Hartung [murders   Liebknecht]and Vogel [murders Luxemburg], and Pabst, Faupel, and Reinhard--ended their careers as enthusiastic servants of Adolf Hitler" (Germany 1866-1945).  

[6] Craig writes that it is "unlikely that he [Ebert] would have followed a different policy than the one he chose."

[7] See The Rosa Luxemburg Reader, editors Peter Hudis and Kevin Anderson, 2004. Between November 1918 (when she is released from jail) and January 1919 (she is murdered), Luxemburg pens four articles, including "What Does the Spartacus League Want" (December 14, 1918) and "Order Reigns in Berlin" (January 14, 1919).

[8] Workers gathered in Tiergarten Park.

[9] At the rally, "speakers for the Spartacus League, including Karl Liebknecht, for the Revolutionary Shop Stewards, and for the People's Naval Division denounced the counterrevolutionary machinations and called for the formation of a Red Guard and workers' militia, and for the disarming of officers and NCOs active with the counterrevolution" (n.797, The Rosa Luxemburg Reader).

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Dr. Lenore J. Daniels, Black Commentator, Editorial Board and Columnist, Doctorate in Modern American Literature/Cultural Theory

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Rosa Luxemburg's observations about the workings o... by Lenore Daniels on Tuesday, Apr 24, 2012 at 8:22:56 AM
bertween Rosa and Lenin who called her 'a magnific... by Mark Sashine on Tuesday, Apr 24, 2012 at 8:41:00 AM
"But Luxemburg adds, before we can proceed to impo... by Ad Du on Tuesday, Apr 24, 2012 at 7:02:44 PM
of every person  educated to a) improve thyse... by Mark Sashine on Tuesday, Apr 24, 2012 at 8:57:51 PM
 Sir, Thank you for once again replying (espe... by Ad Du on Wednesday, Apr 25, 2012 at 10:02:15 PM