"The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
In 1793, George Washington said:
"The Constitution vests the power of declaring war with Congress, therefore no offensive expedition of importance can be undertaken until after they have deliberated upon the subject, and authorized such a measure."
In 1805, Thomas Jefferson said:
"Congress alone is constitutionally invested with the power of changing our condition from peace to war." Warmaking is "exclusively (for Congress) to yield or deny."
Thomas Paine said:
"In America, the law is king. For as in absolute governments the king is law, so in free countries the law ought to be king, and there ought to be no others."
John Jay was America's first Supreme Court chief justice. He said:
"(A)bsolute monarchs will often make war when their nations are to get nothing by it, but for the purposes and objects merely personal, such as thirst for military glory, revenge for personal affronts, ambition, or private compacts to aggrandize or support their particular families or partisans."
"These and a variety of other motives, which affect only the mind of the sovereign, often lead him to engage in wars not sanctified by justice or the voice and interests of his people."
Alexander Hamilton called impeachable offenses those "which proceed from the misconduct of public men, or in other words, from the violation or abuse of some public trust. They are of a nature which with peculiar propriety may be denominated political, as they relate chiefly to injuries done to society itself."
James Madison said:
"Of all the enemies of public liberty, war is, perhaps, the most to be dreaded, because it comprises and develops the germ of every other."
"War is the true nurse of executive aggrandizement. No nation (can) preserve its freedom in the midst of continual warfare."
"In no part of the Constitution is more wisdom to be found, than in the clause which confides the question of war or peace to the legislature, and not to the executive department."