Clearly for people who will be more than human in a partly non-natural, synthetic and virtual world, new political and economic forms of organization will have to emerge since ours are already proving inadequate.
Jan Amkreutz (in World Affairs, Vol. 14, no. 3, Autumn 2010) writes of reality being replaced by "digeality", the virtual universe of our creation and of electronic bytes replacing or at least controlling genes as we can not only read the DNA code of life but write it as well, following the pioneering demonstration carried out by Craig Venter and his team. What system of governance will be suitable to the post-human creatures that our grandchildren, if not our young children are likely to become?
A sobering but not unrealistic observation is that some of the greatest beneficiaries of many of the newest technologies are the organized crime organizations which are challenging states and supra-national "official" bodies when they don't merge with them through a noxious symbiosis which produces Mafia states denounced by leaders as diverse as President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan and President Felipe Calderon of Mexico.
Less visible but perhaps even more powerful are some secret organizations ensconced in many of the most influential nations where they claim the loyalty of certain financial, political and intellectual elites. There are legitimate questions about the real role and objective of the secretive but not secret Bilderberg Group which has become the subject of some unflattering media coverage but more elusive and ominous is the so called Octopus, alleged to be at the heart of the largest supra-national criminal syndicate in the world, the "black network" referred to in the Interpol report on the BCCI scandal and described in the 1994 ATLAS Report of the Belgian Gendarmerie on the financial investigation into the Camuele case. There is also extensive literature on the the Masonic group which is supposed to sponsor the Anglo-Saxon Plan for continued global domination, described in various report of the investigative Project Camelot as an heir to Cecil Rhodes's secret Inner Circle of the Round Table Organization which was (and still is) at the heart of the Rhodes Foundation.
There is hence a real prospect for the future global society to be dominated by certain cartels controlling, through the most advanced technologies (the so so-called "fourth stage of money laundering"), the drug, gambling, arms and prostitution industries on a universal scale and vying for even greater power through the covert selective or indiscriminate resort to economic, biological and genetic warfare (through nano-bio-agents) with the likely complicity of some states, already under the control of what Prof. Peter Dale Scott defines as the Deep State, vividly portrayed by Joan Perkins as a "criminal hidden ruling structure" in his book Confessions of an Economic Hitman (2004)
On the other hand, the turbo-capitalism described by Edward Luttwak in his 1999 book produces high-tech's "super-tycoons" like Bill Gates, Craig Venter, Steve Jobs, Sergei Brin or Larry Page who are more powerful and richer than many states, like the independent warlords of yore.
Whether humans rise to a post-human condition or become truly human, depending upon the definition we give to "humanity", the fact is that we will have to answer the rhetorical question posed by Amkreutz (ibid): "what do we do with the institutions (and constitutions) our fathers founded on "self-evident" natural principles"? He proceeds to point out that digeality will ""render Left and Right meaningless and create a new reality which transcends both capitalism and socialism", as geopolitics will be absorbed in noopolitics "which is about mindsets, not territories". That new reality would require some form of economy of communion, as the basis for the kind of associative democracy being experimented in some regions of Italy, Portugal and Latin America.
Amkreutz is not being optimistic about this; he simply takes stock of current and predictable developments and concludes that we need to build interactive digital realities through web-enabled peer networks if we wish to mediate successfully the artificial universe of our making. That may be too technical a recipe for most people to understand but in effect it translates into glocal politics and economics, based on political ecology, striking a balance between the individual and the community and rising above the fatalistic reading of history to invent reality as we wish it to be and no more as we are told it must be by past precedents.
It is here that archaeo-futurists make a number of interesting proposals drawn from ancient precepts and forms of social organization in diverse societies. While the Hindu social philosopher D D Upadhaya defined an Integral Humanism rooted in the traditional Vedic and Upanishadic vision of man and the cosmos, the Bengali 20th century thinker P R Sarkar defined the "ethics for a new humanism" in his book The Liberation of Intellect (Kolkata, Ananda Marg, 1972) and articulated the rules of what he called a holistic Proutist Economics (for PROgressive Utilisation Theory) in his Discourse on Economic Liberation (1992).
In the West EF Schumaker was inspired by both the western Christian tradition and Buddhist Economics on which he wrote a famous essay in 1966 and which is currently being championed by various social reformers as far apart as Sri Lanka, Bhutan (with its ideal of Gross National Happiness or GNH as a corrective to the quantitative myopia of GNP idolatry), Vietnam and Japan.
More recently the Finnish philosopher Sirkka Heikkonen (Prometheus Revisited in Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum, Societas Scientiarum Fennica, Helsinki, 2000) draws inspiration from the Roman philosopher Seneca to advocate transcending our exploitive civilization to enter an age of Epistemological Expansion according to the Stoic formula for achieving the synthesis between the state of nature of our origins and the utilitarian science-driven mechanisms we have established.
Thus Seneca's precept: sequere naturam can acquire a new meaning in the contemporary epistemic context and provide a "philosophical basis for the information society according to the principles of sustainable development" (Heikkonen) whereby we would become real humans or truly sapiens by setting moral progress, and not the accumulation of wealth and power, as our foremost goal, in the awareness that as the Roman sage said, increasing knowledge of the world in order to realize our real or essential nature is the source of the highest happiness.
In Russia and the Central Asian area the concept of a noospheric civilization connected to the "universal, cognitive, semantic field" is being actively promoted, even at government level by followers of V I Vernadsky and V P Kaznachev such as Prof. L. Gordina, author of From Biosphere to Noosphere (http://www.newhumanity, org.ru) and organizer of the World Forum of Spiritual Culture under the patronage of the Presidency of Kazakhstan. The goal is to bring together spiritual traditions and ecological-cosmic awareness and practices for building a better global society.
The world is undergoing an intense transformational process, as it is becoming what digital engineer Jan Amkreutz is calling "world3.0": a digital virtual reality mostly made by us according to which we not only decode but recombine and modify the "natural" reality, whether in the physical local universe or in our own brains and bodies.
In this changed and constantly evolving inner and outer framework, we have no choice but to adopt the tactic of transurfing, or learning to control and change reality as described by Russian quantum physicist Vadim Zeland (Reality Transurfing I (2008), II and III), in the awareness that, as Howard Bloom has demonstrated in the Lucifer Principle (1997) and Global Brain (2000), ideas are indeed real creatures or living beings (like viruses) which actually select their time and their (human) vehicles or spokesmen to manifest at least as much as we (appear to) choose them, perhaps only because we are "seeded" and incited by them to form cooperative associations. The notion of inception, explored in the 2010 film of that name by Christopher Nolan is very descriptive of what happens in the mindworld.