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Memories from EL GALEON DE MANILA (Part 2) --Filipinos in late 19th Century Breaking with European History & Language

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Like the Tagalog language, i.e. which never has been spoken (nor fully accepted) in every corner of the Philippines--many of the new names for the Philippines in the 1890s never really caught on.   For example, Katagalugan, a name supported by Bonifacio's adherents,     was always seen as a Luzon-dominated term or Tagalog-name and thus only applicable to a portion of the Philippines. In other words, Katagalugan never caught on well among Visayan and Mindanao communities.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagalog_Republic

            In contrast, in 1820, the seat of colonial rule from Nuevo Espana (which had controlled Manila and Cebu for   2 - centuries) had become a country of its own:   Mexico.   By that time, the administration for the Philippines had reverted to Madrid.   

However, some 76 years later, when the Filipino revolutionaries declared independence from Spain, the Philippines-name did not follow suit.   It never left the country.

The revolutionaries and subsequent generations were unable to create a completely new national identity to mark the dawning of a new age.   The peoples who live there today are still known as Filipinos--the same name as the Spanish conquistadores had provided them 4 - centuries ago.

The peoples from this massive archipelago in Southeast Asia have continued to see themselves as Filipinos--or Pinoys for short.   "The word [Pinoy]   is formed by taking the last four letters of Filipino and adding the diminutive suffix -y in the Tagalog language (the suffix is commonly used in Filipino nicknames: "Ninoy' or "Noynoy' for Benigno, "Totoy' for Augusto, etc.)."

In a way, though, a distinct Filipino identity from the Spanish term Filipino has been carved out by the expanded practice of Filipinos referring to one-another as "Pinoys".   This is because usage of the suffix "oy" or "y" in "Pinoy" conveys somewhat the concept of diminutive or some sort of "smallness" or endearment, as when in English we add the "y" to John to create "Johnny" or the way that Robert becomes "Bobby".    Further, this usage of a diminutive is reminiscent of the child-like role discussed earlier for Filipino revolutionaries under the concept of bayan or bayani within Filipino ideals of community (and helpfulness to the community).

"Incidentally,   Pinoy was used for self-identification by the first wave of Filipinos going to the continental United States before World War II and has been used both in a pejorative sense as well as a term of endearment similar to Chicano."

NOTES

[1] Veneracion, Jaime B. "Ang Bayan Ko;   Algunas Reflexiones sobre la Identidad

Nacional Filipina", EL GALEON DE MANILA , Mexico City:

Philippine Centennial Commission & National Commission of Culture and

Arts, pp 175-180.

[2] Mabini's constitutional proposal was rejected by many Catholics who found it to be fully in the Masonic tradition--although it gave special supports and rights to women.   Mabini's constitution would have become Asia's first Republican constitution if it had been approved by the Filipino (largely bourgeoisie) congress in 1898--prior to the US invasion.

[3] "The Kartilya ng Katipunan (English: Primer of the Katipunan ) served as the guidebook for new members of the organization, which laid out the group's rules and principles. The first edition of the Kartilya was written by Andres Bonifatio, Emilio Jacinto will later pen a revised Decalogue.

TEACHINGS OF THE KATIPUNAN

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KEVIN STODA-has been blessed to have either traveled in or worked in nearly 100 countries on five continents over the past two and a half decades.--He sees himself as a peace educator and have been-- a promoter of good economic and social development--making-him an enemy of my homelands humongous DEFENSE SPENDING and its focus on using weapons to try and solve global (more...)
 

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