Since the grants included in this study were all made by 501[c] non-profit organizations, the grants were made from non-taxable income, and thus reduced tax revenue available to the US Government. In effect, US taxpayers paid a share of these grants that went to supporting the Israel Lobby and illegal settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.
Expansion of the concept of the Israel Lobby to include organizations that provide funds to member organizations
If a description of the Israel Lobby should include those organizations that contribute to bending U.S. foreign policy in a manner that benefits the State of Israel, then surely organizations that supply financial resources to members of that lobby should also be considered as a part of the Israel Lobby. It follows that if some of the organizations which provide financial resources to widely-recognized elements of the Israel Lobby also supply resources to organizations which fund illegal settlements, then the entire Israe lLobby, defined to include its benefactors, is implicated in the support of the illegal settlements.
Data pertaining to a subset of the various organizations widely considered to be included in the Israel Lobby were assembled. These data consisted of grants made to the organizations from charitable foundations. A sample of some of the foundations which have been identified as providing funding to illegal settlements were also selected, and the amounts they received from charitable foundations were also identified. As will be shown below, there was a considerable overlap between foundations which provided financial support to members of the Israel Lobby and those which provided funds to organizations that funded illegal settlements. Thus, if the Israel Lobby includes those organizations that supply it with funds, then the Israel Lobby is also supplying funds to illegal settlement activity.
Organizations included for which monetary data were assembled
Information on the following organizations, generally considered to be included in the Israel Lobby, was obtained from The Foundation Center Online.
1. American Israel Education Foundation (AIEF)
2. Anti-Defamation League (ADL)
3. Jewish National Fund--Keren Kayemett (JNF)
4. Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America (CAMERA)- Advertisement -
5. Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs (JINSA)
6. Friends of the Israel Defense Forces (FIDF)
7. Center for Security Policy (CSP)
8. Middle East Forum (MEF)
9. Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP)- Advertisement -
This list of organizations in the Israel Lobby is obviously not comprehensive. They do, however, represent some of the strongly pro-Israel elements in the Israel Lobby. Probably most of them are in agreement with settlement expansion, which makes them especially relevant to the focus of this paper.
Several of the foundations that were listed on the website www.settlementsinpalestine.org were used to represent the universe of foundations supporting illegal settlements. The Foundation Center Online was again accessed to obtain information on grants received by these foundations (the grantees), and the foundations that provided the grants to them (the grantors). The grantee foundations for which information was obtained include the following:
American Friends of Ariel