SECTION 7."-Military power.--The military power shall be subordinate to the civil .
SECTION 15."-Prosecution for crime; offenses committed by children.--
(a)"- No person shall be tried for capital crime without presentment or indictment by a grand jury, or for other felony without such presentment or indictment or an information under oath filed by the prosecuting officer of the court, except persons on active duty in the militia when tried by courts martial.
(b)"-When authorized by law, a child as therein defined may be charged with a violation of law as an act of delinquency instead of crime and tried without a jury or other requirements applicable to criminal cases. Any child so charged shall, upon demand made as provided by law before a trial in a juvenile proceeding, be tried in an appropriate court as an adult. A child found delinquent shall be disciplined as provided by law.
SECTION 16."-Rights of accused and of victims.--
(a)"- In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall, upon demand, be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, and shall be furnished a copy of the charges, and shall have the right to have compulsory process for witnesses, to confront at trial adverse witnesses, to be heard in person, by counsel or both, and to have a speedy and public trial by impartial jury in the county where the crime was committed. If the county is not known, the indictment or information may charge venue in two or more counties conjunctively and proof that the crime was committed in that area shall be sufficient; but before pleading the accused may elect in which of those counties the trial will take place. Venue for prosecution of crimes committed beyond the boundaries of the state shall be fixed by law.
(b)"-Victims of crime or their lawful representatives, including the next of kin of homicide victims, are entitled to the right to be informed, to be present, and to be heard when relevant, at all crucial stages of criminal proceedings, to the extent that these rights do not interfere with the constitutional rights of the accused.
SECTION 18."-Administrative penalties.--No administrative agency, except the Department of Military Affairs in an appropriately convened court-martial action as provided by law, shall impose a sentence of imprisonment, nor shall it impose any other penalty except as provided by law.
SECTION 20."-Treason.-- Treason against the state shall consist only in levying war against it, adhering to its enemies, or giving them aid and comfort, and no person shall be convicted of treason except on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act or on confession in open court.
SECTION 21."-Access to courts.-- The courts shall be open to every person for redress of any injury , and justice shall be administered without sale, denial or delay.
SECTION 23."-Right of privacy.--Every natural person has the right to be let alone and free from governmental intrusion into the person's private life except as otherwise provided herein . This section shall not be construed to limit the public's right of access to public records and meetings as provided by law.Article II
SECTION 5."-Public officers.--
(a)"-No person holding any office of emolument under any foreign government, or civil office of emolument under the United States or any other state, shall hold any office of honor or of emolument under the government of this state. No person shall hold at the same time more than one office under the government of the state and the counties and municipalities therein, except that a notary public or military officer may hold another office, and any officer may be a member of a constitution revision commission, taxation and budget reform commission, constitutional convention, or statutory body having only advisory powers.
(b)"-Each state and county officer, before entering upon the duties of the office, shall give bond as required by law, and shall swear or affirm:
" I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support, protect, and defend the Constitution and Government of the United States and of the State of Florida; that I am duly qualified to hold office under the Constitution of the state; and that I will well and faithfully perform the duties of (title of office) on which I am now about to enter. So help me God.",
and thereafter shall devote personal attention to the duties of the office, and continue in office until a successor qualifies.
(c)"-The powers, duties, compensation and method of payment of state and county officers shall be fixed by law.
SECTION 6."-Enemy attack.--In periods of emergency resulting from enemy attack the legislature shall have power to provide for prompt and temporary succession to the powers and duties of all public offices the incumbents of which may become unavailable to execute the functions of their offices, and to adopt such other measures as may be necessary and appropriate to insure the continuity of governmental operations during the emergency. In exercising these powers, the legislature may depart from other requirements of this constitution, but only to the extent necessary to meet the emergency.Article V
SECTION 1."-Courts.--The judicial power shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts of appeal, circuit courts and county courts. No other courts may be established by the state, any political subdivision or any municipality. The legislature shall, by general law, divide the state into appellate court districts and judicial circuits following county lines. Commissions established by law, or administrative officers or bodies may be granted quasi-judicial power in matters connected with the functions of their offices. The legislature may establish by general law a civil traffic hearing officer system for the purpose of hearing civil traffic infractions. The legislature may, by general law, authorize a military court-martial to be conducted by military judges of the Florida National Guard, with direct appeal of a decision to the District Court of Appeal, First District.
*********end of Florida Constitution excerpts **************
might note from the above bold language some alarming realities:
In a time of military emergency/war Congress can suspend the operation of the Constitution and its protections/guarantees. In other words, the constitution contains the seeds of its own meaninglessness and destruction.
All public officers swear "loyalty" (to support, protect, and defend) the constitutions AND GOVERNMENT. That's like swearing loyalty to the enemy (government) when small or large oligarchies of Government Perpetrators of crimes (GERPS) have subsumed the normal, constitutional function of government into their private, personal super-government cliques.
Even the provision defining treason uses terminology that makes it seem that the authors of the Constitution never considered the fact that some one oligarchy or many oligarchies might wrest lawful authority and operate certain government functions according to their whim rather than law or ideals of good government. Doesn't taking control by stealth or flouting of constitutional obligations constitute a form of war or treason?
The Constitutions should never let public officers swear loyalty to "the Government" for that amounts to swearing loyalty to the clique or individuals running government.... In other words, the "good old boys network."
And note that neither the Constitutions nor the laws of the US or the STATE punish the violation of one's loyalty oath. What good is an oath of loyalty to support the constitution if no penalty applies to violations of the oath? Did the authors intend the "God" punish the Gerp malefactors in the Hereafter?
I say all of the points above mean one thing: Citizens must:
Become educated to understand the ideals of good government and Citizen responsibility - know the Constitution's guarantees (not grants) of rights and limits on government authority.
Learn and obey the ideals of Citizen Responsibility to keep an eye out for injustice, learn the law and court procedure, become disposing to use the law to resolve inequities/illegalities, and to abide by constitutional laws.
Become politically active to ensure the election and appointment of intelligent, educated people who will conform government to those ideals.
Associate with friends and neighbors to make local communities strong, organized, armed and trained, and politically active, as individuals and as communities.
Stand firm as Citizens in demanding that Government respect the Rights of the People.
Remain forever, rigorously vigilant to discover rogues and gerps in government and excise their behavior or them by normal political and legal means if possible, practical, and not dangerous; and otherwise excise them by any expedient means.
In the final analysis, I want to say that if it looks, walks, quacks, and squirts like a duck, it IS a duck. Clever people in Government do what they can to impose order and discipline on a people without appearing to do so - in other words, without calling in the Military or National Guard. Why? Because war costs so dearly in terms of life, time, money, lost productivity, other lost opportunity, and possible loss of power. It generally takes a lot of abuse by government to rile a populace into open, widespread revolt.