Presidents can grant commutations or pardons, except in cases of impeachment. They can also order assassinations or anyone they wish imprisoned for any reason or none at all.
They appoint officials, diplomats, and federal judges. They have a huge bureaucracy at their disposal. It covers all functions of government.
They can veto congressional legislation. Doing so nearly always is sustained.
They can make law by executive orders even though nothing in the Constitution permits it. Presidents are constrained only by their own discretion. Otherwise they can do what they please.
Since December 8, 1941, they've waged war on their own. Doing so violates the Constitution's Article I, Section 8. Congress alone has that power. For over seven decades, members surrendered it illegally.
It's pure myth that governance is constrained by limited powers. It's closer to one-man rule. It's practically impossible to impeach scoundrels. No president ever was removed this way.
John Adams was the most distinguished constitutional theorist of his time. He said it would take a national convulsion to remove a president by impeachment. He was right. It never happened.
Venezuela's system is mirror opposite. Its Bolivarian Constitution was approved by national referendum. Doing so followed an initial one on whether to convene a National Constituent Assembly to draft a new document.
That's how democracy is supposed to work. It's never been that way in America. It never will under its current system. Over time, it's gone from bad to worse.
Venezuelans approved a model participatory social democracy. It's not perfect, but it's the real thing. Ordinary people serve as ombudsmen to assure other government branches comply with constitutional provisions.
Everyone is automatically registered to vote from birth. It's constitutionally mandated. National standards apply.
In America, it's worlds different. States make their own laws. They decide who's enfranchised and who's not. Jim Crow lives. Minorities are lawlessly stricken from polls. So are others power brokers want removed.
In all areas of Venezuelan governance, reform remains a work in progress. In America, it's a four-letter word. It's doublespeak baloney to change things but leave them the same.
The spirit of Venezuela's Bolivarian Constitution is stated straightaway in its Preamble:
It's "to establish a democratic, participatory and self-reliant, multiethnic and multicultural society in a just, federal and decentralized State that embodies the values of freedom, independence, peace, solidarity, the common good, the nation's territorial integrity, comity and the rule of law for this and future generations."
It further "guarantees the right to life, work, learning, education, social justice and equality, without discrimination or subordination of any kind; promotes peaceful cooperation among nations and further strengthens Latin American integration in accordance with the principle of nonintervention and national self-determination of the people, the universal and indivisible guarantee of human rights, the democratization of imitational society, nuclear disarmament, ecological balance and environmental resources as the common and inalienable heritage of humanity;"""