Zimmerman, who faced charges only after a national outcry forced a review of the case, did not mount a specific "stand your ground" defense. But the issue remained a bone of contention before and during his trial; notably, the jury heard from a witness who recalled teaching about Florida's law in a college course that the defendant completed in 2010.
The sustained outcry over the February 26, 2012, shooting of Martin appears to have led the NRA and ALEC to halt advocacy on behalf of "stand your ground" laws. But the laws continue to influence criminal justice nationwide, as the Center for Media and Democracy has documented.
The NAACP, the Urban League, Color of Change, Common Cause, People for the American Way and MoveOn.org were among many groups that pressed ALEC on the "stand your ground" issue in 2012. Several of these same groups have taken the next step and are urging legislators to strike the laws from state statute books.
"Florida's dangerous 'Shoot First' law allowed Trayvon's killer to walk free without charges for more than a month. Shoot First legalizes vigilante homicide, has demonstrated racial bias in its application, and has led to an increase in gun-related deaths in the more than two dozen states where it has been passed into law," argues Color of Change, as part of its campaign to strike down "stand your ground" laws. "These laws give individual gun owners a greater right to shoot and kill than the rules of engagement for our military during times of war grant to soldiers in war zones. 'Shoot First' must be repealed now to protect families and communities and prevent senseless deaths."
Referencing a Texas A&M University study that revealed how "stand your ground" and "castle doctrine" laws do not deter crime but have been linked to increased rates of homicide, Jealous has said that "stand-your-ground legislation does more harm than good."
"Too often these laws provide cover for vigilantes and hate groups who choose to take the law into their own hand," argued the NAACP president in 2012. "They have led to an increase in homicides, and people of color seem to always get caught in the crossfire."
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