Although a correlation relationship does not imply cause-and-effect it suggest that the variables are linearly related. That is, as income inequality varies so too do these other societal characteristics--they aren't independent, they move together and so one may affect the other or both are influenced by the same cause or causes. An understanding of the causes of the patterns begins with an understanding of the patterns caused, and so additional analysis leading to deeper understanding is needed.
We need to change
Unless people have the courage to let go of their attachments and the will to collaborate toward seeking a greater and deeper understanding of both the individual and collective (i.e. both cultural and policy/process) causes then the solution coming forth will be just re-action and compromise. Systems thinking, collaboration and deeper understanding, not compromise, will lead to understanding that can inform changes in policy to positively affect life in society.
As discussed in Hey Einstein Solve This recurring problems such as gun violence, mental illness and poverty are not structured and well-defined problems. If they were we'd quickly dissolve them and they wouldn't recur! These problems require soft systems methods whereby we identify and challenge the underlying assumptions, beliefs and the sought after objectives that have guided current policy and action.
We should be asking: what is it about our system of orientation--not the values we espouse but the beliefs and values-in-practice and the ends supported and sought--and correspondingly the way we structure life and define success that is giving rise to these symptoms? What is the complex of causes--not the one cause or the one that various special interest coalitions are willing to compromise on--that is most likely at the root of what we are experiencing. Until this is done, all we will get are re-actions that pacify the masses and keep things essentially as they are.
The cultural change that is required won't be easy and because of that it won't happen without heroic leadership. However, the history of major change happening in America (e.g. women's suffrage, civil rights, environmental protection, gay rights) shows that heroic leadership won't emerge unless there is a critical mass of people that put their foot down making it very clear that we the people won't accept anything less. This could take awhile, especially if few of us become part of the critical mass.
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